Hotspot Identification for Shanghai Expressways Using the Quantitative Risk Assessment Method
AbstractHotspot identification (HSID) is the first and key step of the expressway safety management process. This study presents a new HSID method using the quantitative risk assessment (QRA) technique. Crashes that are likely to happen for a specific site are treated as the risk. The aggregation of the crash occurrence probability for all exposure vehicles is estimated based on the empirical Bayesian method. As for the consequences of crashes, crashes may not only cause direct losses (e.g., occupant injuries and property damages) but also result in indirect losses. The indirect losses are expressed by the extra delays calculated using the deterministic queuing diagram method. The direct losses and indirect losses are uniformly monetized to be considered as the consequences of this risk. The potential costs of crashes, as a criterion to rank high-risk sites, can be explicitly expressed as the sum of the crash probability for all passing vehicles and the corresponding consequences of crashes. A case study on the urban expressways of Shanghai is presented. The results show that the new QRA method for HSID enables the identification of a set of high-risk sites that truly reveal the potential crash costs to society. View Full-Text
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Chen, C.; Li, T.; Sun, J.; Chen, F. Hotspot Identification for Shanghai Expressways Using the Quantitative Risk Assessment Method. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2017, 14, 20.
Chen C, Li T, Sun J, Chen F. Hotspot Identification for Shanghai Expressways Using the Quantitative Risk Assessment Method. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2017; 14(1):20.Chicago/Turabian Style
Chen, Can; Li, Tienan; Sun, Jian; Chen, Feng. 2017. "Hotspot Identification for Shanghai Expressways Using the Quantitative Risk Assessment Method." Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 14, no. 1: 20.
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