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Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2016, 13(8), 811; doi:10.3390/ijerph13080811

Concern about Workplace Violence and Its Risk Factors in Chinese Township Hospitals: A Cross-Sectional Study

1
Department of Health, Policy and Hospital Management, School of Public Health, Harbin Medical University, Harbin 150081, China
2
School of Humanities and Social Sciences, Harbin Medical University, Harbin 150081, China
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Institute of Quantitative and Technical Economics, Chinese Academy of Social Science, Beijing 100000, China
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Department of Social Medicine, School of Public Health, Harbin Medical University, Harbin 150081, China
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School of Public Health, Jiamusi University, Jiamusi 154007, China
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School of Public Health, QiQihar Medical University, QiQihar 161006, China
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Continuing Education Section, Third Affiliated Hospital of QiQihar Medical University, QiQihar 161000, China
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Department of Publicity and United Front Work, Heilongjiang Nursing College, Harbin 150081, China
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Department of Computed Tomography, The 2nd Affiliated Hospital of Harbin Medical University, Harbin 150081, China
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Paul B. Tchounwou
Received: 25 May 2016 / Revised: 4 August 2016 / Accepted: 5 August 2016 / Published: 10 August 2016
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [276 KB, uploaded 10 August 2016]

Abstract

Workplace violence in Chinese township hospitals is a major public health problem. We identified the risk factors of healthcare workers’ worry about experiencing workplace violence in 90 Chinese township hospitals and determined specific measures for differing stages of violence (based on crisis management theory). Participants were 440 general practitioners and 398 general nurses from Heilongjiang Province, China (response rate 84.6%). One hundred and six (12.6%) respondents reported being physically attacked in their workplace in the previous 12 months. Regarding psychological violence, the most common type reported was verbal abuse (46.0%). While most (85.2%) respondents had some degree of worry about suffering violence, 22.1% were worried or very worried. Ordinal regression analysis revealed that being ≤35 years of age, having a lower educational level, having less work experience, and working night shifts were all associated with worry about workplace violence. Furthermore, those without experience of such violence were more likely to worry about it. Respondents’ suggested measures for controlling violence included “widening channels on medical dispute solutions,” “improving doctor-patient communication,” and “advocating for respect for medical workers via the media.” Results suggest the target factors for reducing healthcare workers’ worry by according to the type of education and training and possible measures for limiting workplace violence in township hospitals. View Full-Text
Keywords: worry; risk factors; township hospitals; workplace violence worry; risk factors; township hospitals; workplace violence
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Xing, K.; Zhang, X.; Jiao, M.; Cui, Y.; Lu, Y.; Liu, J.; Zhang, J.; Zhao, Y.; Zhao, Y.; Li, Y.; Liang, L.; Kang, Z.; Wu, Q.; Yin, M. Concern about Workplace Violence and Its Risk Factors in Chinese Township Hospitals: A Cross-Sectional Study. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2016, 13, 811.

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