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Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2016, 13(8), 769; doi:10.3390/ijerph13080769

The Optimum Production Method for Quality Improvement of Recycled Aggregates Using Sulfuric Acid and the Abrasion Method

1
Building and Urban Research Institute, Korea Institute of Civil Engineering and Building Technology, 283, Goyang-daero, Ilsanseo-gu, Goyang-si 10223, Korea
2
Department of Civil & Environmental Engineering, Kongju National University, 1223-24, Cheonan-daero, Seobuk-gu, Cheonan-si 31080, Korea
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Rao Bhamidiammarri and Kiran Tota-Maharaj
Received: 13 June 2016 / Revised: 22 July 2016 / Accepted: 26 July 2016 / Published: 29 July 2016
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Environmental Systems Engineering)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [2206 KB, uploaded 29 July 2016]   |  

Abstract

There has been increased deconstruction and demolition of reinforced concrete structures due to the aging of the structures and redevelopment of urban areas resulting in the generation of massive amounts of construction. The production volume of waste concrete is projected to increase rapidly over 100 million tons by 2020. However, due to the high cement paste content, recycled aggregates have low density and high absorption ratio. They are mostly used for land reclamation purposes with low added value instead of multiple approaches. This study was performed to determine an effective method to remove cement paste from recycled aggregates by using the abrasion and substituting the process water with acidic water. The aim of this study is to analyze the quality of the recycled fine aggregates produced by a complex method and investigate the optimum manufacturing conditions for recycled fine aggregates based on the design of experiment. The experimental parameters considered were water ratio, coarse aggregate ratio, and abrasion time and, as a result of the experiment, data concerning the properties of recycled sand were obtained. It was found that high-quality recycled fine aggregates can be obtained with 8.57 min of abrasion-crusher time and a recycled coarse aggregate ratio of over 1.5. View Full-Text
Keywords: recycled fine aggregates; response surface methodology; design of experiment; orthogonal arrays; abrasion-crusher time; acid treatment recycled fine aggregates; response surface methodology; design of experiment; orthogonal arrays; abrasion-crusher time; acid treatment
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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Kim, H.; Park, S.; Kim, H. The Optimum Production Method for Quality Improvement of Recycled Aggregates Using Sulfuric Acid and the Abrasion Method. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2016, 13, 769.

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