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Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2016, 13(7), 635; doi:10.3390/ijerph13070635

Lysyl Oxidase Gene G473A Polymorphism and Cigarette Smoking in Association with a High Risk of Lung and Colorectal Cancers in a North Chinese Population

1
The Collage of Public Health, North China University of Science and Technology, Tangshan 063000, China
2
The Clinic Medical College, North China University of Science and Technology, Tangshan 063000, China
3
The College of Life Science, North China University of Science and Technology, Tangshan 063000, China
4
Department of Biochemistry, Boston University School of Medicine, Boston, MA 02118, USA
These authors contributed equally to this work.
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Paul B. Tchounwou
Received: 26 March 2016 / Revised: 14 June 2016 / Accepted: 15 June 2016 / Published: 28 June 2016
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Abstract

The relationship among the lysyl oxidase (LOX) G473A single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP), cigarette smoking and lung, colorectal, colon and rectum cancer susceptibility was studied in 200 cases of lung cancer, 335 cases of colorectal cancer including 130 cases of colon cancer and 205 cases of rectum cancer, and 335 healthy people in Tangshan, China. Peripheral blood DNA samples were collected, DNA sequencing and polymerase chain reaction-restriction fragment length polymorphism (PCR-RFLP) performed, followed by multivariate logistic regression analysis. In comparison to LOX473GG genotype carriers, individuals with LOX473AA exhibited a higher susceptibility to lung, colon-rectum, colon, and rectum cancers with OR values amounting to 3.84-, 2.74-, 2.75-, and 2.74-fold of the control, respectively. In the LOX 473AA-positive population, females were more susceptible than males to carcinogenesis with OR values (female vs. male): 5.25 vs. 3.23, 2.29 vs. 1.51, 2.27 vs. 1.45, and 2.25 vs. 1.53, respectively, for lung, colon-rectum combined, colon, and rectum cancers. LOX G473A polymorphism apparently elevated human sensitivity to cigarette smoking carcinogens for eliciting cancers in the lung and colon only. Thus, LOX G473A polymorphism positively correlates with carcinogenesis and it may be used as an ideal intrinsic biomarker for prediction or diagnosis of carcinogenesis in humans. View Full-Text
Keywords: lysyl oxidase (LOX); lung cancer; colorectal cancer; colon cancer; rectal cancer; single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP); cigarette smoking lysyl oxidase (LOX); lung cancer; colorectal cancer; colon cancer; rectal cancer; single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP); cigarette smoking
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Wang, G.; Shen, Y.; Cheng, G.; Bo, H.; Lin, J.; Zheng, M.; Li, J.; Zhao, Y.; Li, W. Lysyl Oxidase Gene G473A Polymorphism and Cigarette Smoking in Association with a High Risk of Lung and Colorectal Cancers in a North Chinese Population. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2016, 13, 635.

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