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Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2016, 13(5), 500; doi:10.3390/ijerph13050500

Expelling Stress for Primary School Teachers: Self-Affirmation Increases Positive Emotions in Teaching and Emotion Reappraisal

Psychology Group, Leeds Beckett University, Leeds LS1 3HE, UK
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Academic Editor: Cary Cooper
Received: 28 March 2016 / Revised: 4 May 2016 / Accepted: 11 May 2016 / Published: 13 May 2016
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Occupational Stress, Human Health and Wellbeing)
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Abstract

The aim of the present pilot study was to assess the effect of a brief work-related self-affirming implementation intention (WS-AII) on the well-being of primary school teachers. Participants were randomly allocated to one of two conditions: one in which they were asked to create a WS-AII or one in which they were asked to create a control implementation intention (C-II). State anxiety was measured pre- and post-manipulation, self-efficacy at post-manipulation only, and emotions in teaching and emotion regulation at baseline and at a two-week follow-up. There were statistically significant differences between the WS-AII condition and the control. Teachers who created work-related self-affirming implementation intentions reported an immediate reduction in state anxiety. Positive effects extended over the two-week period, with teachers in the WS-AII condition also reporting more positive emotions in teaching and the use of reappraisal emotion regulation strategies rather than emotion suppression. Results suggest that the integration of the WS-AII into existing organisational practice may be of benefit to the well-being of teachers and other highly stressed workers. View Full-Text
Keywords: teaching; stress; anxiety; well-being; self-affirmation; emotions in teaching; emotion regulation; coping teaching; stress; anxiety; well-being; self-affirmation; emotions in teaching; emotion regulation; coping
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Morgan, J.; Atkin, L. Expelling Stress for Primary School Teachers: Self-Affirmation Increases Positive Emotions in Teaching and Emotion Reappraisal. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2016, 13, 500.

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