The Association between Gene-Environment Interactions and Diseases Involving the Human GST Superfamily with SNP Variants
AbstractExposure to environmental hazards has been associated with diseases in humans. The identification of single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in human populations exposed to different environmental hazards, is vital for detecting the genetic risks of some important human diseases. Several studies in this field have been conducted on glutathione S-transferases (GSTs), a phase II detoxification superfamily, to investigate its role in the occurrence of diseases. Human GSTs consist of cytosolic and microsomal superfamilies that are further divided into subfamilies. Based on scientific search engines and a review of the literature, we have found a large amount of published articles on human GST super- and subfamilies that have greatly assisted in our efforts to examine their role in health and disease. Because of its polymorphic variations in relation to environmental hazards such as air pollutants, cigarette smoke, pesticides, heavy metals, carcinogens, pharmaceutical drugs, and xenobiotics, GST is considered as a significant biomarker. This review examines the studies on gene-environment interactions related to various diseases with respect to single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) found in the GST superfamily. Overall, it can be concluded that interactions between GST genes and environmental factors play an important role in human diseases. View Full-Text
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Hollman, A.L.; Tchounwou, P.B.; Huang, H.-C. The Association between Gene-Environment Interactions and Diseases Involving the Human GST Superfamily with SNP Variants. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2016, 13, 379.
Hollman AL, Tchounwou PB, Huang H-C. The Association between Gene-Environment Interactions and Diseases Involving the Human GST Superfamily with SNP Variants. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2016; 13(4):379.Chicago/Turabian Style
Hollman, Antoinesha L.; Tchounwou, Paul B.; Huang, Hung-Chung. 2016. "The Association between Gene-Environment Interactions and Diseases Involving the Human GST Superfamily with SNP Variants." Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 13, no. 4: 379.
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