Characteristics and Outcomes of Patients Injured in Road Traffic Crashes and Transported by Emergency Medical Services
AbstractTo investigate the injury characteristics and mortality of patients transported by emergency medical services (EMS) and hospitalized for trauma following a road traffic crash, data obtained from the Trauma Registry System were retrospectively reviewed for trauma admissions between 1 January 2009 and 31 December 2013 in a Level I trauma center. Of 16,548 registered patients, 3978 and 1440 patients injured in road traffic crashes were transported to the emergency department by EMS and non-EMS, respectively. Patients transported by EMS had lower Glasgow coma scale (GCS) scores and worse hemodynamic measures. Compared to patients transported by non-EMS, more patients transported by EMS required procedures (intubation, chest tube insertion, and blood transfusion) at the emergency department. They also sustained a higher injury severity, as measured by the injury severity score (ISS) and the new injury severity score (NISS). Lastly, in-hospital mortality was higher among the EMS than the non-EMS group (1.8% vs. 0.3%, respectively; p < 0.001). However, we found no statistically significant difference in the adjusted odds ratio (AOR) for mortality among patients transported by EMS after adjustment for ISS (AOR 4.9, 95% CI 0.33–2.26), indicating that the higher incidence of mortality was likely attributed to the patients’ higher injury severity. In addition, after propensity score matching, logistic regression of 58 well-matched pairs did not show a significant influence of transportation by EMS on mortality (OR: 0.578, 95% CI: 0.132–2.541 p = 0.468). View Full-Text
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Huang, C.-Y.; Rau, C.-S.; Chuang, J.-F.; Kuo, P.-J.; Hsu, S.-Y.; Chen, Y.-C.; Hsieh, H.-Y.; Hsieh, C.-H. Characteristics and Outcomes of Patients Injured in Road Traffic Crashes and Transported by Emergency Medical Services. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2016, 13, 236.
Huang C-Y, Rau C-S, Chuang J-F, Kuo P-J, Hsu S-Y, Chen Y-C, Hsieh H-Y, Hsieh C-H. Characteristics and Outcomes of Patients Injured in Road Traffic Crashes and Transported by Emergency Medical Services. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2016; 13(2):236.Chicago/Turabian Style
Huang, Chun-Ying; Rau, Cheng-Shyuan; Chuang, Jung-Fang; Kuo, Pao-Jen; Hsu, Shiun-Yuan; Chen, Yi-Chun; Hsieh, Hsiao-Yun; Hsieh, Ching-Hua. 2016. "Characteristics and Outcomes of Patients Injured in Road Traffic Crashes and Transported by Emergency Medical Services." Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 13, no. 2: 236.
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