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Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2016, 13(2), 225; doi:10.3390/ijerph13020225

Screening for Structural Hemoglobin Variants in Bahia, Brazil

1
Bahia Adventist College, 44300-000 Cachoeira, Bahia, Brazil
2
Functional Electrostimulation Laboratory, Biomorphology Department, Health Sciences Instituto, Federal University of Bahia, Av. Reitor Miguel Calmon, s/n Vale do Canela, 40110-902 Salvador, Bahia, Brazil
3
Graduate Program on Medicine and Health, Faculty of Medicine, Federal University of Bahia, Rua Augusto Viana s/n Canela—Hospital Universitário Prof. Edgard Santos, 5o andar, 40110-060 Salvador, Bahia, Brazil
4
Feira de Santana State University, Health Department, 44031-460 Feira de Santana, Bahia, Brazil
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Paul B. Tchounwou
Received: 21 December 2015 / Revised: 29 January 2016 / Accepted: 1 February 2016 / Published: 18 February 2016
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Abstract

Brazil was the country that received the largest number of Africans during the time of colonization, and Bahia was the Brazilian state that received the largest number of slaves from Africa. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the coverage of the newborn screening program for sickle cell disease in the Recôncavo Baiano region of the state of Bahia, and to show the frequency of the subjects with hemoglobin variants in the 2006–2009 period. Blood samples from neonates in twelve cities in the Recôncavo Baiano region were analyzed by High Performance Liquid Chromatography. A total of 16,402 children were born in this period, 14,773 of which underwent newborn screening. In this period 1416 children were born carrying hemoglobin variants HbS and HbC. Forty-seven patients—20 HbSS genotype and 27 HbSC genotype—were diagnosed in eleven of the twelve cities surveyed. The proportion of children born with sickle cell disease in the Recôncavo Baiano region was 1/314, which was higher than the 1/650 rate for the state of Bahia. The data presented in this study confirm the high frequency of sickle cell disease in Recôncavo Baiano, demonstrating the need to create a referral center for the care of patients with sickle cell diseases in the region. View Full-Text
Keywords: hemoglobin variants; sickle cell disease; newborn screening hemoglobin variants; sickle cell disease; newborn screening
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Silva, W.S.; de Oliveira, R.F.; Ribeiro, S.B.; da Silva, I.B.; de Araújo, E.M.; Baptista, A.F. Screening for Structural Hemoglobin Variants in Bahia, Brazil. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2016, 13, 225.

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