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Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2016, 13(12), 1248; doi:10.3390/ijerph13121248

Sustainable Lifestyle Change—Participatory Design of Support Together with Persons with Obesity in the Third Age

1
Division of Health and Rehabilitation, Department of Health Sciences, Luleå University of Technology, Luleå 97187, Sweden
2
Division of Innovation and Design, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Luleå University of Technology, Luleå 97187, Sweden
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Peter Bath
Received: 14 September 2016 / Revised: 5 December 2016 / Accepted: 12 December 2016 / Published: 16 December 2016
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Health Informatics and Public Health)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [289 KB, uploaded 16 December 2016]

Abstract

Sustainable lifestyle changes due to obesity are difficult to achieve regardless methods used. We need to know more about the lived experience of obesity and older persons’ needs for support to make a sustainable change. This paper focuses on the need-finding process in designing support for a sustainable lifestyle change. Multistage focus group interviews were conducted with persons aged 61–72 living in Northern Sweden. A participatory and appreciative reflection and action (PAAR) approach was used in the group-sessions. Probes were used to increase reflections and achieve a deeper knowledge about the participants’ needs of support. Data were analysed using qualitative thematic content analysis. Our findings revealed that to be able to succeed with a lifestyle change a focus has to be on a converted way of thinking, managing vulnerability, and achieving an emotional balance. To achieve a sustainable lifestyle change due to obesity in the third age the focus has to be on a health identity instead of a weight identity. Personalised support with enjoyable physical activities should be designed and developed. Strategies for emotional balance based on autonomy and self-empowerment must be included. This knowledge is important when designing support for sustainable change. View Full-Text
Keywords: older persons; life-style change; m-health; participatory design older persons; life-style change; m-health; participatory design
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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Wiklund Axelsson, S.; Wikberg-Nilsson, Å.; Melander Wikman, A. Sustainable Lifestyle Change—Participatory Design of Support Together with Persons with Obesity in the Third Age. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2016, 13, 1248.

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