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Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2016, 13(11), 1114; doi:10.3390/ijerph13111114

Changes in Electronic Cigarette Use from 2013 to 2015 and Reasons for Use among Finnish Adolescents

1
School of Health Sciences, University of Tampere, 33014 Tampere, Finland
2
Department of Health, National Institute for Health and Welfare, 00271 Helsinki, Finland
3
PERLA—Tampere Centre for Childhood, Youth and Family Research, University of Tampere, 33014 Tampere, Finland
4
Department of Adolescent Psychiatry, Pitkäniemi Hospital, Tampere University Hospital, 33380 Nokia, Finland
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Paul B. Tchounwou
Received: 2 September 2016 / Revised: 2 November 2016 / Accepted: 4 November 2016 / Published: 9 November 2016
(This article belongs to the Section Global Health)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [454 KB, uploaded 9 November 2016]   |  

Abstract

Electronic cigarettes are quite a new potential source of nicotine addiction among youth. More research is needed, particularly on e-liquid use and socioeconomic factors as potential determinants. We studied changes from 2013 to 2015 in adolescent e-cigarette awareness and ever-use, types of e-liquids, and determinants in Finland. In 2015, we studied weekly use and reasons for ever-use. Data were from two national surveys of 12–18-year-old Finns (2013, n = 3535, response rate 38%; 2015, n = 6698, 41%). Descriptive statistics and logistic regression analysis were used. Awareness and ever-use of e-cigarettes increased significantly from 2013 to 2015 in all age and gender groups. Ever-use increased from 17.4% to 25%, with half having tried nicotine e-liquids. In 2015, weekly use was rare (1.5%). Daily cigarette smoking was the strongest determinant (OR 51.75; 95% CI 38.18–70.14) for e-cigarette ever-use, as for e-cigarette weekly use, but smoking experimentation and ever-use of snus (Swedish type moist snuff) and waterpipes alongside parental smoking and poor academic achievement also increased the odds for ever-use. The most common reason behind e-cigarette ever-use was the desire to try something new. To conclude, adolescent e-cigarette ever-use is increasing, and also among never-smokers. Tobacco-related factors are stronger determinants for e-cigarette use than socioeconomic factors. View Full-Text
Keywords: electronic cigarette; electronic nicotine delivery system; adolescents; tobacco use; Finland electronic cigarette; electronic nicotine delivery system; adolescents; tobacco use; Finland
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MDPI and ACS Style

Kinnunen, J.M.; Ollila, H.; Lindfors, P.L.; Rimpelä, A.H. Changes in Electronic Cigarette Use from 2013 to 2015 and Reasons for Use among Finnish Adolescents. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2016, 13, 1114.

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