Next Article in Journal
System Dynamics Model and Simulation of Employee Work-Family Conflict in the Construction Industry
Next Article in Special Issue
Trends in HIV Testing among Adults in Georgia: Analysis of the 2011–2015 BRFSS Data
Previous Article in Journal
Pediatric Exposures to Ionizing Radiation: Carcinogenic Considerations
Previous Article in Special Issue
The Health, Enlightenment, Awareness, and Living (HEAL) Intervention: Outcome of an HIV and Hepatitis B and C Risk Reduction Intervention
Article Menu

Export Article

Open AccessArticle
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2016, 13(11), 1055; doi:10.3390/ijerph13111055

Drinking and Driving among Recent Latino Immigrants: The Impact of Neighborhoods and Social Support

1
Center for Research on U.S. Latino HIV/AIDS and Drug Abuse (CRUSADA), Robert Stempel College of Public Health and Social Work, Florida International University, 11200 SW 8th Street, AHC5-421, Miami, FL 33199, USA
2
Pacific Institute for Research and Evaluation, 11720 Beltsville Drive Suite 900, Calverton, MD 20705-3111, USA
3
Department of Epidemiology, Robert Stempel College of Public Health and Social Work, Florida International University, 11200 SW 8th Street, Miami, FL 33199, USA
4
New York University School of Medicine, NYU Langone Medical Center 215 Lexington Ave, New York, NY 10016, USA
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Ronald L. Braithwaite and Selina A. Smith
Received: 18 September 2016 / Revised: 19 October 2016 / Accepted: 22 October 2016 / Published: 28 October 2016
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Cultural Determinants of HIV, Substance Abuse and Addiction)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [506 KB, uploaded 28 October 2016]   |  

Abstract

Latinos are disproportionately impacted by drinking and driving arrests and alcohol-related fatal crashes. Why, and how, these disparities occur remains unclear. The neighborhood environments that recent Latino immigrants encounter in their host communities can potentially influence health behaviors over time, including the propensity to engage in drinking and driving. This cross-sectional study utilizes a sample of 467 documented and undocumented adult recent Latino immigrants in the United States to answer the following research questions: (a) How do neighborhood-level factors, combined with social support, impact drinking and driving risk behaviors?; and (b) Does acculturative stress moderate the effects of those associations? Results indicate neighborhood-level factors (informal social control and social capital) have protective effects against drinking and driving risk behaviors via the mediating mechanism of social support. Acculturative stress moderated associations between neighborhood informal social control and social support, whereby the protective effects of informal social control on social support were not present for those immigrants with higher levels of acculturative stress. Our findings contribute to the limited knowledge of drinking and driving among Latino immigrants early in the immigration process and suggest that, in the process of developing prevention programs tailored to Latino immigrants, greater attention must be paid to neighborhood-level factors. View Full-Text
Keywords: drinking and driving; alcohol; Latino/a immigrants; acculturation stress; neighborhoods drinking and driving; alcohol; Latino/a immigrants; acculturation stress; neighborhoods
Figures

Figure 1

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

Scifeed alert for new publications

Never miss any articles matching your research from any publisher
  • Get alerts for new papers matching your research
  • Find out the new papers from selected authors
  • Updated daily for 49'000+ journals and 6000+ publishers
  • Define your Scifeed now

SciFeed Share & Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

Sanchez, M.; Romano, E.; Dawson, C.; Huang, H.; Sneij, A.; Cyrus, E.; Rojas, P.; Cano, M.Á.; Brook, J.; De La Rosa, M. Drinking and Driving among Recent Latino Immigrants: The Impact of Neighborhoods and Social Support. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2016, 13, 1055.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Related Articles

Article Metrics

Article Access Statistics

1

Comments

[Return to top]
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health EISSN 1660-4601 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
Back to Top