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Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2016, 13(10), 1002; doi:10.3390/ijerph13101002

Socio-Economic and Environmental Factors Associated with Overweight and Obesity in Children Aged 6–8 Years Living in Five Italian Cities (the MAPEC_LIFE Cohort)

1
Department of Biological and Environmental Science and Technology, University of Salento, Via Prov.le Lecce-Monteroni, Lecce 73100, Italy
2
Euro Mediterranean Scientific Biomedical Institute, Via Reali di Bulgaria, Mesagne (BR) 72023, Italy
3
Department of Medical and Surgical Specialties, Radiological Sciences and Public Health, University of Brescia, Viale Europa 11, Brescia 25123, Italy
4
Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences, University of Perugia, Via del Giochetto, Perugia 06122, Italy
5
Department of Biology, University of Pisa, Via Ghini 13, Pisa 56126, Italy
6
Department of Public Health and Pediatrics, University of Torino, Piazza Polonia 94, Torino 10126, Italy
7
Comune di Brescia, Piazza Repubblica 1, Brescia 25100, Italy
8
Centro Servizi Multisettoriale e Tecnologico-CSMT Gestione S.c.a.r.l., via Branze, 45, Brescia 25123, Italy
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Paul B. Tchounwou
Received: 27 July 2016 / Revised: 15 September 2016 / Accepted: 29 September 2016 / Published: 11 October 2016
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Environmental Diseases)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [440 KB, uploaded 11 October 2016]   |  

Abstract

The prevalence of obesity among Italian children has reached such alarming levels as to require detailed studies of the causes of the phenomenon. A cross-sectional study was carried out in order to assess the weight status of 1164 Italian children aged 6–8 years (the Monitoring Air Pollution Effects on Children for Supporting Public Health Policy (MAPEC_LIFE) cohort) and to identify any associations between selected socio-economic and environmental factors and overweight/obesity. The data were obtained by means of a questionnaire given to parents, and any associations were examined by binomial logistic regression analyses. Overweight was found to be positively associated with male gender, parents of non-Italian origin, and parents who smoke, and negatively associated with the parents’ level of education and employment. In addition, the frequency of overweight varied in relation to the geographical area of residence, with a greater prevalence of overweight children in the cities of central-southern Italy. This study highlights the need to implement appropriate obesity prevention programs in Italy, which should include educational measures concerning lifestyle for parents from the earliest stages of their child’s life. View Full-Text
Keywords: body weight; overweight; obesity; children; socio-economic factors; MAPEC_LIFE study body weight; overweight; obesity; children; socio-economic factors; MAPEC_LIFE study
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MDPI and ACS Style

Grassi, T.; De Donno, A.; Bagordo, F.; Serio, F.; Piscitelli, P.; Ceretti, E.; Zani, C.; Viola, G.C.V.; Villarini, M.; Moretti, M.; Levorato, S.; Carducci, A.; Verani, M.; Donzelli, G.; Bonetta, S.; Bonetta, S.; Carraro, E.; Bonizzoni, S.; Bonetti, A.; Gelatti, U. Socio-Economic and Environmental Factors Associated with Overweight and Obesity in Children Aged 6–8 Years Living in Five Italian Cities (the MAPEC_LIFE Cohort). Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2016, 13, 1002.

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