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Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2016, 13(1), 91; doi:10.3390/ijerph13010091

Heterogeneity of Characteristics among Housing Adaptation Clients in Sweden—Relationship to Participation and Self-Rated Health

1
Department of Health Sciences, Faculty of Medicine, Lund University, Box 157, Lund 221 00, Sweden
2
Italian National Research Center on Aging, Via S. Margherita 5, Ancona 60124, Italy
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Paul B. Tchounwou
Received: 6 October 2015 / Revised: 21 December 2015 / Accepted: 23 December 2015 / Published: 29 December 2015
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [217 KB, uploaded 29 December 2015]

Abstract

The aim of the paper was to explore the heterogeneity among housing adaptation clients. Cluster analysis was performed using baseline data from applicants in three Swedish municipalities. The analysis identified six main groups: “adults at risk of disability”, “young old with disabilities”, “well-functioning older adults”, “frail older adults”, “frail older with moderate cognitive impairments” and “resilient oldest old”. The clusters differed significantly in terms of participation frequency and satisfaction in and outside the home as well as in terms of self-rated health. The identification of clusters in a heterogeneous sample served the purpose of finding groups with different characteristics, including participation and self-rated health which could be used to facilitate targeted home-based interventions. The findings indicate that housing adaptions should take person/environment/activity specific characteristics into consideration so that they may fully serve the purpose of facilitating independent living, as well as enhancing participation and health. View Full-Text
Keywords: activity limitations; cluster analysis; participation restrictions activity limitations; cluster analysis; participation restrictions
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Thordardottir, B.; Chiatti, C.; Ekstam, L.; Malmgren Fänge, A. Heterogeneity of Characteristics among Housing Adaptation Clients in Sweden—Relationship to Participation and Self-Rated Health. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2016, 13, 91.

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