Color It Real: A Program to Increase Condom Use and Reduce Substance Abuse and Perceived Stress
AbstractFew interventions have targeted perceived stress as a co-occurring construct central to substance use and subsequent HIV/AIDS risk reduction among African American urban young adults. The Color It Real Program was a seven session, weekly administered age-specific and culturally-tailored intervention designed to provide substance abuse and HIV education and reduce perceived stress among African Americans ages 18 to 24 in Atlanta, GA. Effectiveness was assessed through a quasi-experimental study design that consisted of intervention (n = 122) and comparison (n = 70) groups completing a pre- and post-intervention survey. A series of Analysis of Variance (ANOVA) tests were used to assess pre- to post-intervention changes between study groups. For intervention participants, perceived stress levels were significantly reduced by the end of the intervention (t(70) = 2.38, p = 0.020), condom use at last sexual encounter significantly increased (F = 4.43, p = 0.0360), intervention participants were significantly less likely to drink five or more alcoholic drinks in one sitting (F = 5.10, p = 0.0245), and to use clean needles when injecting the drug (F = 36.99, p = 0.0001). This study is among the first of its kind to incorporate stress management as an integral approach to HIV/SA prevention. The program has implications for the design of other community-based, holistic approaches to addressing substance use and risky behaviors for young adults. View Full-Text
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Zellner, T.; Trotter, J.; Lenoir, S.; Walston, K.; Men-Na’a, L.; Henry-Akintobi, T.; Miller, A. Color It Real: A Program to Increase Condom Use and Reduce Substance Abuse and Perceived Stress. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2016, 13, 51.
Zellner T, Trotter J, Lenoir S, Walston K, Men-Na’a L, Henry-Akintobi T, Miller A. Color It Real: A Program to Increase Condom Use and Reduce Substance Abuse and Perceived Stress. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2016; 13(1):51.Chicago/Turabian Style
Zellner, Tiffany; Trotter, Jennie; Lenoir, Shelia; Walston, Kelvin; Men-Na’a, L’dia; Henry-Akintobi, Tabia; Miller, Assia. 2016. "Color It Real: A Program to Increase Condom Use and Reduce Substance Abuse and Perceived Stress." Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 13, no. 1: 51.
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