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Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2016, 13(1), 128; doi:10.3390/ijerph13010128

Occupants’ Perceptions of Amenity and Efficiency for Verification of Spatial Design Adequacy

Graduate School of Culture Technology, Korea Advanced Institute of Science and Technology, Daejeon 34141, Korea
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Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Derek Clements-Croome
Received: 17 November 2015 / Accepted: 17 November 2015 / Published: 14 January 2016
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Abstract

The best spatial design condition to satisfy the occupancy needs of amenity and efficiency is determined through analyzing the spatial design adequacy (SDA). In this study, the relationship between the space design elements and space on future occupants’ perception are analyzed. The thirty-three participants reported their self-evaluated SDA that describes the quality of eight alternative housing living rooms with different spatial factors. The occupants were guided through the perception processing elaboration in order for them to evaluate the actual perception in the real space. The findings demonstrated that the spatial size (e.g., width, depth, and height) is significantly correlated with the overall satisfaction of amenity. It is also found that the spatial shape (e.g., the width-to-depth ratio, the height-to-area ratio, and room shape) may significantly influence the overall satisfaction of efficiency. The findings also demonstrate that the causal relationship between the spatial factors and space is clearly present in the occupants’ perception, reflecting the time-sequential characteristics of the actual experience divided into amenity and efficiency. This result indicates that the correlation between the spatial factors and space of SDA under the occupants’ perception processing elaboration can be a useful guide to predict the occupancy satisfaction of amenity and efficiency in real spaces. View Full-Text
Keywords: spatial design adequacy; future occupants’ perception; satisfaction; amenity; efficiency; perception processing elaboration spatial design adequacy; future occupants’ perception; satisfaction; amenity; efficiency; perception processing elaboration
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Lee, S.; Wohn, K. Occupants’ Perceptions of Amenity and Efficiency for Verification of Spatial Design Adequacy. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2016, 13, 128.

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