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Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2016, 13(1), 104; doi:10.3390/ijerph13010104

Structural Model for the Effects of Environmental Elements on the Psychological Characteristics and Performance of the Employees of Manufacturing Systems

1
Department of Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering, Autonomous University of Ciudad Juarez, Del Charro Ave., 450 N., Ciudad Juárez, Chihuahua, 32310, México
2
Department of Mechanical Engineering, University of La Rioja, San José de Calasanz 31, Logroño, La Rioja 26004, Spain
3
Technological Institute of Orizaba, Oriente 9, 852, Orizaba, Veracruz 94320, Mexico
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Paul B. Tchounwou
Received: 8 September 2015 / Revised: 27 December 2015 / Accepted: 30 December 2015 / Published: 5 January 2016
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Abstract

This paper analyzes the effects of environmental elements on the psychological characteristics and performance of employees in manufacturing systems using structural equation modeling. Increasing the comprehension of these effects may help optimize manufacturing systems regarding their employees’ psychological characteristics and performance from a macroergonomic perspective. As the method, a new macroergonomic compatibility questionnaire (MCQ) was developed and statistically validated, and 158 respondents at four manufacture companies were considered. Noise, lighting and temperature, humidity and air quality (THAQ) were used as independent variables and psychological characteristics and employees’ performance as dependent variables. To propose and test the hypothetical causal model of significant relationships among the variables, a data analysis was deployed. Results found that the macroergonomic compatibility of environmental elements presents significant direct effects on employees’ psychological characteristics and either direct or indirect effects on the employees’ performance. THAQ had the highest direct and total effects on psychological characteristics. Regarding the direct and total effects on employees’ performance, the psychological characteristics presented the highest effects, followed by THAQ conditions. These results may help measure and optimize manufacturing systems’ performance by enhancing their macroergonomic compatibility and quality of life at work of the employees. View Full-Text
Keywords: macroergonomics; macroergonomic compatibility questionnaire; environment; personnel characteristics; structural equations modeling; manufacturing systems macroergonomics; macroergonomic compatibility questionnaire; environment; personnel characteristics; structural equations modeling; manufacturing systems
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Realyvásquez, A.; Maldonado-Macías, A.A.; García-Alcaraz, J.; Cortés-Robles, G.; Blanco-Fernández, J. Structural Model for the Effects of Environmental Elements on the Psychological Characteristics and Performance of the Employees of Manufacturing Systems. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2016, 13, 104.

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