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Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2015, 12(9), 11101-11116; doi:10.3390/ijerph120911101

Bisphenol-A and Female Infertility: A Possible Role of Gene-Environment Interactions

1
MOE-Shanghai Key Laboratory of Children's Environmental Health, Xinhua Hospital, School of Medicine, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, 1665 Kong Jiang Road, Shanghai 200092, China
2
School of Public Health, Guilin Medical University, Guilin 541004, China
3
School of Public Health, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, Shanghai 200025, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Paul B. Tchounwou
Received: 24 June 2015 / Revised: 28 August 2015 / Accepted: 31 August 2015 / Published: 7 September 2015
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [715 KB, uploaded 8 September 2015]

Abstract

Background: Bisphenol-A (BPA) is widely used and ubiquitous in the environment. Animal studies indicate that BPA affects reproduction, however, the gene-environment interaction mechanism(s) involved in this association remains unclear. We performed a literature review to summarize the evidence on this topic. Methods: A comprehensive search was conducted in PubMed using as keywords BPA, gene, infertility and female reproduction. Full-text articles in both human and animals published in English prior to December 2014 were selected. Results: Evidence shows that BPA can interfere with endocrine function of hypothalamic-pituitary axis, such as by changing gonadotropin-releasing hormones (GnRH) secretion in hypothalamus and promoting pituitary proliferation. Such actions affect puberty, ovulation and may even result in infertility. Ovary, uterus and other reproductive organs are also targets of BPA. BPA exposure impairs the structure and functions of female reproductive system in different times of life cycle and may contribute to infertility. Both epidemiological and experimental evidences demonstrate that BPA affects reproduction-related gene expression and epigenetic modification that are closely associated with infertility. The detrimental effects on reproduction may be lifelong and transgenerational. Conclusions: Evidence on gene-environment interactions, especially from human studies, is still limited. Further research on this topic is warranted. View Full-Text
Keywords: bisphenol-A; gene; epigenetics; female; infertility bisphenol-A; gene; epigenetics; female; infertility
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Huo, X.; Chen, D.; He, Y.; Zhu, W.; Zhou, W.; Zhang, J. Bisphenol-A and Female Infertility: A Possible Role of Gene-Environment Interactions. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2015, 12, 11101-11116.

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