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Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2015, 12(9), 11072-11100; doi:10.3390/ijerph120911072

Depression, Anxiety and Symptoms of Stress among Hong Kong Nurses: A Cross-sectional Study

1
School of Nursing, Hong Kong Polytechnic University, Hong Kong, China
2
Centre for Suicide Research and Prevention, University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Paul B. Tchounwou
Received: 10 August 2015 / Revised: 29 August 2015 / Accepted: 1 September 2015 / Published: 7 September 2015
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Abstract

Recent epidemiological data suggests 13.3% of Hong Kong residents suffered from Common Mental Disorders, most frequently mixed anxiety and depressive disorder. This study examines the weighted prevalence and associated risk factors of depression, anxiety and stress among Hong Kong nurses. A total of 850 nurses were invited to participate in this cross-sectional study. Participants completed the Depression, Anxiety and Stress Scale 21 and multiple logistic regression was used to determine significant relationships between variables. Chronic past-year illness and poor self-perceived mental health were significant correlates of past-week depression, anxiety and stress. It confirmed further positive correlations between depression and divorce, widowhood and separation, job dissatisfaction, disturbance with colleagues, low physical activity levels and sleep problems. Marital status; general medicine; sleep problems, and a lack of leisure significantly correlated with anxiety. Stress was significantly associated with younger age, clinical inexperience, past-year disturbance with colleagues, low physical activity, no leisure and drinking alcohol. Nurses were more depressed, anxious and stressed than the local general population, with over one-third of our respondents classified as subject to these disorders. View Full-Text
Keywords: anxiety; depression; epidemiology; mental health; nurses; prevalence; stress anxiety; depression; epidemiology; mental health; nurses; prevalence; stress
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Cheung, T.; Yip, P.S. Depression, Anxiety and Symptoms of Stress among Hong Kong Nurses: A Cross-sectional Study. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2015, 12, 11072-11100.

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