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Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2015, 12(9), 11037-11049; doi:10.3390/ijerph120911037

Mental and Physical Symptoms of Female Rural Workers: Relation between Household and Rural Work

1
School of Nursing, Federal University of Rio Grande, Rio Grande, RS 96203-900, Brazil
2
Graduate Program on Nursing, Federal University of Pampa, Uruguaiana, RS 97500-970, Brazil
3
School of Nursing, Federal University of Rio Grande, Rio Grande, RS 96203-900, Brazil
These authors contributed equally to this work.
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Paul B. Tchounwou
Received: 16 June 2015 / Revised: 20 August 2015 / Accepted: 26 August 2015 / Published: 7 September 2015
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Abstract

This study aimed to investigate the relations among mental disorders, physical discomfort, household work and farm work among women. We conducted a cross-sectional study based on the administration of a structured questionnaire to 182 female farm workers. The data were analyzed by means of Poisson regression, where the significance level was set to 5%. Results indicated that 111 (61%) participants reported work-related mental disorders and physical discomfort was reported by 160 (87.9%). The participants with mental disorders and at least moderate levels of physical discomfort reported significantly higher levels of physical demand, time working (temporal demand), total effort and frustration with regard to farm work, in addition to significantly higher levels of frustration with regard to housework. Women with moderate or greater levels of both physical discomfort and frustration with farm work increased the chances of mental disorders. The results illustrate the complex challenge for health professionals in caring for women with mental disorders and physical discomforts related to their farm work, in the context of both the farm and domestic work demands these workers experience. View Full-Text
Keywords: mental health; workload; occupational environment; home environment; farm workers; female work mental health; workload; occupational environment; home environment; farm workers; female work
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Cezar-Vaz, M.R.; Bonow, C.A.; da Silva, M.R.S. Mental and Physical Symptoms of Female Rural Workers: Relation between Household and Rural Work. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2015, 12, 11037-11049.

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Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health EISSN 1660-4601 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
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