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Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2015, 12(9), 10314-10328; doi:10.3390/ijerph120910314

Field Application of the Micro Biological Survey Method for a Simple and Effective Assessment of the Microbiological Quality of Water Sources in Developing Countries

1
Department of Science, Roma Tre University, viale G. Marconi 446, 00146 Rome, Italy
2
Department of Biomedical Sciences, University of Dschang, West Province, Cameroon
3
Department of Biochemistry, University of Dschang, West province, Cameroon
4
Department of Biology, University of Rome "Tor Vergata", 00173 Rome, Italy
5
National Institute of Biostructures and Biosystems (INBB), 00136 Rome, Italy
These authors participated equally in the present investigation.
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Paul B. Tchounwou
Received: 26 June 2015 / Revised: 18 August 2015 / Accepted: 18 August 2015 / Published: 25 August 2015
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Abstract

According to the World Health Organization (WHO) guidelines, “safe drinking-water must not represent any significant risk to health over a lifetime of consumption, including different sensitivities that may occur between life stages”. Traditional methods of water analysis are usually complex, time consuming and require an appropriately equipped laboratory, specialized personnel and expensive instrumentation. The aim of this work was to apply an alternative method, the Micro Biological Survey (MBS), to analyse for contaminants in drinking water. Preliminary experiments were carried out to demonstrate the linearity and accuracy of the MBS method and to verify the possibility of using the evaluation of total coliforms in 1 mL of water as a sufficient parameter to roughly though accurately determine water microbiological quality. The MBS method was then tested “on field” to assess the microbiological quality of water sources in the city of Douala (Cameroon, Central Africa). Analyses were performed on both dug and drilled wells in different periods of the year. Results confirm that the MBS method appears to be a valid and accurate method to evaluate the microbiological quality of many water sources and it can be of valuable aid in developing countries. View Full-Text
Keywords: microbiological quality of water; water-borne diseases; MBS method microbiological quality of water; water-borne diseases; MBS method
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Arienzo, A.; Sobze, M.S.; Wadoum, R.E.G.; Losito, F.; Colizzi, V.; Antonini, G. Field Application of the Micro Biological Survey Method for a Simple and Effective Assessment of the Microbiological Quality of Water Sources in Developing Countries. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2015, 12, 10314-10328.

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