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Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2015, 12(8), 9444-9453; doi:10.3390/ijerph120809444

The Level of Self-Esteem and Sexual Functioning in Women with Idiopathic Scoliosis: A Preliminary Study

1
Chair and Department of Rehabilitation, School of Health Sciences in Katowice, Medical University of Silesia, ul. Medyków 12, 40-752 Katowice, Poland
2
Chair of Woman's Health, School of Health Sciences in Katowice, Medical University of Silesia, ul. Medyków 12, 40-752 Katowice, Poland
These authors contributed equally to this work.
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Paul B. Tchounwou
Received: 19 May 2015 / Revised: 31 July 2015 / Accepted: 4 August 2015 / Published: 12 August 2015
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Abstract

A person’s image, which is determined through physical appearance, considerably affects self-esteem developed from early childhood. Scoliosis causes multiple trunk deformations that can affect a person’s perception of the body. The aim of the study was to analyze the impact of scoliosis dimension and the degree of trunk deformation on the level of self-esteem and sexual functioning in women with idiopathic scoliosis. Thirty-six women diagnosed with idiopathic scoliosis were recruited to a prospective, double-blind, randomized controlled trial. The subjects were divided into two groups depending on the value of the Cobb angle. The level of self-esteem was determined by means of the Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale (SES), whereas the sexual functioning was assessed via the Female Sexual Function Index (FSFI). The trunk deformations were specified with the Posterior Trunk Symmetry Index (POTSI). A statistically significant correlation was proved between the amount of points received in the Rosenberg scale evaluation and the POTSI index in Group A (R = −0.56, p = 0.04). Subjects with smaller deformations within the coronal plane had a higher level of self-confidence. The trunk asymmetries in the coronal plane may have a negative effect on women with scoliosis and their self-appraisal. View Full-Text
Keywords: sexual dysfunction; psychological test; posterior trunk symmetry index; female sexual function index sexual dysfunction; psychological test; posterior trunk symmetry index; female sexual function index
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Durmała, J.; Blicharska, I.; Drosdzol-Cop, A.; Skrzypulec-Plinta, V. The Level of Self-Esteem and Sexual Functioning in Women with Idiopathic Scoliosis: A Preliminary Study. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2015, 12, 9444-9453.

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