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Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2015, 12(7), 8348-8358; doi:10.3390/ijerph120708348

Predictors for Using a HIV Self-Test Among Migrant and Seasonal Farmworkers in North Carolina

1
Department of Health and Human Services, Mendocino County Health and Human Services Agency, Public Health Services, Ukiah, CA 95482, USA
2
Department of Public Health, Brody School of Medicine, East Carolina University, Greenville, NC 27834, USA
3
Kinston Community Health Center, 324 N Queen St., Kinston, NC 28501, USA
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Sloane Burke Winkelman
Received: 6 June 2015 / Revised: 11 July 2015 / Accepted: 15 July 2015 / Published: 17 July 2015
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Migrant Health)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [671 KB, uploaded 17 July 2015]

Abstract

Background: Approximately, two million migrant and seasonal farmworkers (MSF) work in the United States annually. Several factors, such as lack of access to healthcare services and health behaviors, contribute to risk of HIV transmission. Relatively few studies have explored MSF knowledge of HIV transmission and testing options. Methods: A 12-question, self-administered survey of farmworkers (n = 178) from 19 migrant camps was conducted. The survey assessed knowledge of factors related to HIV transmission, testing, and intention to use a HIV home-test kit. Results: Participants with knowledge of treatment for HIV (p = 0.03) and that condom use protects against HIV (p = 0.04) were more willing to express intent to use a home test kit than those with less knowledge. Concern among farmworkers that HIV was a very or somewhat serious problem in their community was associated with expressing intent to use a home test kit (OR = 2.3, 95% CI = 0.92–5.5). Respondents with less knowledge were less likely to use a home test kit. Conclusions: MSF were concerned about HIV in their community and would be willing to use to a home test kit. This pilot study provides a basis for additional research related to HIV testing within the MSF community. View Full-Text
Keywords: HIV testing; seasonal and migrant farmworkers; behavioral factors; survey; North Carolina HIV testing; seasonal and migrant farmworkers; behavioral factors; survey; North Carolina
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Kinney, S.; Lea, C.S.; Kearney, G.; Kinsey, A.; Amaya, C. Predictors for Using a HIV Self-Test Among Migrant and Seasonal Farmworkers in North Carolina. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2015, 12, 8348-8358.

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Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health EISSN 1660-4601 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
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