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Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2015, 12(6), 7059-7072; doi:10.3390/ijerph120607059

Therapeutic Community Treatment of an Inmate Population with Substance Use Disorders: Post-Release Trends in Re-Arrest, Re-Incarceration, and Drug Misuse Relapse

1
Centre for Disability Research and Policy, University of Sydney, P.O. Box 170, NSW 1826, Australia
2
Discipline, Rehabilitation Counselling, University of Sydney, Lidcombe, NSW 2141, Australia
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: William Toscano
Received: 25 March 2015 / Revised: 29 May 2015 / Accepted: 15 June 2015 / Published: 19 June 2015
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [659 KB, uploaded 19 June 2015]

Abstract

This systematic literature review maps the evidence for the effectiveness of the therapeutic community interventions (TCI) in reducing re-arrest, re-incarceration or drug misuse following release from prison, including the extent to which these effects are retained over time. The databases searched for the review included PsychINFO, Medline and Scopus and reference lists from relevant articles published between 2007 and 2014. Only quantitative studies that examined the effectiveness of TCI for a prisoner population with drug dependence at the time of initial incarceration were considered. Fourteen studies were identified for inclusion in the review. Three-quarters of the studies reported TCI were effective in reducing rates of re-incarceration. About 70% of studies that examined follow-up rates of drug misuse relapse found TCI effective in reducing rates of drug misuse amongst participants. TCI participation reduced re-arrests events in 55% of the studies. Results suggest TCI effective in the short-term rather than longer term for reducing rates of re-incarceration among participants, and to a slightly lesser extent, drug misuse relapse. View Full-Text
Keywords: community oriented treatment; inmates; re-offending; substance abuse; crime prevention community oriented treatment; inmates; re-offending; substance abuse; crime prevention
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Galassi, A.; Mpofu, E.; Athanasou, J. Therapeutic Community Treatment of an Inmate Population with Substance Use Disorders: Post-Release Trends in Re-Arrest, Re-Incarceration, and Drug Misuse Relapse. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2015, 12, 7059-7072.

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