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Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2015, 12(6), 6626-6640; doi:10.3390/ijerph120606626

Gender-Specific Analyses of the Prevalence and Factors Associated with Substance Use and Misuse among Bosniak Adolescents

1
Faculty of Kinesiology, University of Split, Teslina 6, Split-21000, Croatia
2
High School "Hasan Kikic", Sarajevks 1, Gradacac-76250, Bosnia and Herzegovina
3
Faculty of Physical Education and Sport, University of Tuzla, 2nd October 1, Tuzla-75000, Tuzla, Bosnia and Herzegovina
4
Department of Health Care Studies, University of Split, R. Boskovica 31, Split-21000, Croatia
These authors contributed equally to this work.
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Paul B. Tchounwou
Received: 27 March 2015 / Revised: 26 May 2015 / Accepted: 27 May 2015 / Published: 10 June 2015
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Abstract

Ethnicity and religion are known to be important factors associated with substance use and misuse (SUM). Ethnic Bosniaks, Muslims by religion, are the third largest ethnic group in the territory of the former Yugoslavia, but no study has examined SUM patterns among them. The aim of this study was to explore the prevalence of SUM and to examine scholastic-, familial- and sport-factors associated with SUM in adolescent Bosniaks from Bosnia-and-Herzegovina. The sample comprised 970 17-to-18-year-old adolescents (48% boys). Testing was performed using an previously validated questionnaire investigating socio-demographic-factors, scholastic-variables, and sport-factors, cigarette smoking, alcohol drinking, simultaneous smoking and drinking (multiple SUM), and the consumption of other drugs. The 30% of boys and 32% of girls smoke (OR = 1.13; 95% CI = 0.86–1.49), 41% of boys and 27% of girls are defined as harmful alcohol drinkers (OR = 1.94; 95% CI = 1.48–2.54), multiple SUM is prevalent in 17% of boys and 15% of girls (OR = 1.11; 95% CI = 0.79–1.56), while the consumption of other drugs, including sedatives, is higher in girls (6% and 15% for boys and girls, respectively; OR = 2.98; 95% CI = 1.89–4.70). Scholastic achievement is negatively associated with SUM. SUM is more prevalent in those girls who report higher income, and boys who report a worse familial financial situation. The study revealed more negative than positive associations between sport participation and SUM, especially among girls. Results can help public health authorities to develop more effective prevention campaign against SUM in adolescence. View Full-Text
Keywords: substance misuse; puberty; academic achievement; parental monitoring; sport participation substance misuse; puberty; academic achievement; parental monitoring; sport participation
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Zenic, N.; Terzic, A.; Rodek, J.; Spasic, M.; Sekulic, D. Gender-Specific Analyses of the Prevalence and Factors Associated with Substance Use and Misuse among Bosniak Adolescents. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2015, 12, 6626-6640.

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