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Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2015, 12(5), 5090-5107; doi:10.3390/ijerph120505090

Prevalence of Mental Disorders in 6–16-Year-Old Students in Sichuan Province, China

Department of Psychiatry, West China Hospital, Sichuan University, Chengdu, Sichuan 610041, China
These authors contributed equally to this work.
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Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Paul B. Tchounwou
Received: 3 April 2015 / Revised: 4 May 2015 / Accepted: 6 May 2015 / Published: 13 May 2015
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Abstract

To investigate the point prevalence of mental disorders in school students, multistage cluster stratified random sampling and two-phase survey methods were used to identify 40 primary and middle schools. The students were screened using the Chinese version of the Child Behavior Checklist and diagnosed using the Mini International Neuropsychiatric Interview. The prevalence of behavioral problems was 19.13%. The prevalence of behavioral problems significantly differed by sex, age, city of residence, and caretaker. The six-month prevalence of any mental disorder was 15.24% (95% CI: 15.49%–16.97%). Psychiatric disorders were more prevalent in boys (17.33%) relative to girls (13.11%; p < 0.01). The prevalence of mental disorders significantly differed by community and caretaker, and 36.46% of students exhibited comorbidity. Results demonstrated important mental health issues, with a high incidence of comorbidities, in this population. Students’ mental health requires increased attention, particularly in poverty-stricken areas and left-behind children and adolescents. View Full-Text
Keywords: China; mental disorder; epidemiological; prevalence; children; adolescents; students China; mental disorder; epidemiological; prevalence; children; adolescents; students
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Qu, Y.; Jiang, H.; Zhang, N.; Wang, D.; Guo, L. Prevalence of Mental Disorders in 6–16-Year-Old Students in Sichuan Province, China. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2015, 12, 5090-5107.

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