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Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2015, 12(4), 4018-4030; doi:10.3390/ijerph120404018

Evaluating Physical and Perceptual Responses to Exergames in Chinese Children

1
Department of Physical Education, Hong Kong Baptist University, Kowloon Tong, Hong Kong, China
2
Department of Exercise Science, Arnold School of Public Health, University of South Carolina, Columbia, SC 29208, USA
3
Sports Management, Division of Sport Science, College of Science and Technology, Konkuk University, ASI KR KS001, Chungju, Korea
4
Division of Sports Science, College of Arts and Design, Gachon University, ASI KR KS009, Seongnam, Korea
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Paul B. Tchounwou
Received: 3 November 2014 / Revised: 24 February 2015 / Accepted: 30 March 2015 / Published: 13 April 2015
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Childhood Obesity: Novel Approaches to a Global Problem)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [680 KB, uploaded 13 April 2015]

Abstract

Purpose: The primary objective of this study was to examine whether exergames could help children reach the recommendations for PA and cardiorespiratory fitness regarding exercise intensity. Differences in perceived physical exertion, EE, VO2, and HR between normal weight (NW) and overweight (OW) children participating in exergames were also examined. Methods: Twenty-one children (age: 10.45 ± 0.88) were assessed for EE, VO2 and HR during rest, in a maximal treadmill test, and while playing different exergames. Ratings of perceived exertion (RPE) (category range: 0 to 10) were also measured during exergaming. Three types of exergames were examined: running, table tennis, and dancing. These games were either performed on a Chinese game console, I-Dong, or another well-developed Western game console (Sony PlayStation 3 or Nintendo Wii). Results: Exergaming resulted in EE (kcal/min) from 2.05–5.14, VO2 (mL/kg/min) from 9.98–25.54, and HR (beats per minute) from 98.05–149.66. Children reported RPE ranging from 1.29 to 5.29. The Chinese exergame, I-Dong Running, was the only game in which children reached a moderate intensity and met the recommended minimum VO2reserve (50%) for cardiorespiratory fitness. Conclusion: Exergames could provide alternative opportunities to enhance children’s physical activity. They could be used as light-to-moderate PA, and with exergames, children can even reach the recommended intensity for developing and maintaining cardiorespiratory fitness. View Full-Text
Keywords: exergame; energy expenditure; heart rate; physical exertion; overweight; children exergame; energy expenditure; heart rate; physical exertion; overweight; children
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Lau, P.W.C.; Liang, Y.; Lau, E.Y.; Choi, C.-R.; Kim, C.-G.; Shin, M.-S. Evaluating Physical and Perceptual Responses to Exergames in Chinese Children. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2015, 12, 4018-4030.

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