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Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2015, 12(3), 3343-3357; doi:10.3390/ijerph120303343

Knowledge of the Population about Visceral Leishmaniasis Transmission in Endemic Areas near the Banks of the Mossoró River in Northeastern Brazil

Programa de Pós-Graduação em Ambiente, Tecnologia e Sociedade—Universidade Federal Rural do Semi-Árido, Rua José Acrísio, 37, Abolição 1, 59619-250 Mossoró, Rio Grande do Norte, Brazil
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Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Jeffrey Shaman
Received: 18 September 2014 / Revised: 5 February 2015 / Accepted: 11 February 2015 / Published: 19 March 2015
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Environmental Determinants of Infectious Disease Transmission)
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Abstract

Visceral leishmaniasis (VL) is an anthropozoonosis with high prevalence and incidence in the Northeastern region of Brazil. This study aimed to determine whether people living near the Mossoró River in the city of Mossoró, Rio Grande do Norte, have knowledge of VL and to characterize the environmental properties of this region. Questionnaires were administered to 478 residents in three neighborhoods near the Mossoró River, addressing the population’s knowledge about VL and environmental characteristics. Most survey participants were female, with ages between 18 and 40 years, 53.8% had completed primary education, and 61.5% owned pet dogs (p < 0.05). The majority (95.9%) showed little knowledge about the characteristics inherent to sandflies, and 85.3% were unaware of the environments preferred by this vector (p < 0.05). Sewage from the homes of respondents was mainly dumped into the river (44.6%), and 76.6% of the respondents complained about the accumulation of garbage in the streets (p < 0.05). The association between education and knowledge about the transmission of VL and preferred vector locations was statistically significant (p < 0.05). The lack of knowledge in the population about VL and the residential environment indicates a risk of maintaining sand fly habitats and hence disease transmission. View Full-Text
Keywords: kala-azar; longipalpis; environmental factors; population knowledge kala-azar; longipalpis; environmental factors; population knowledge
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

de Amorim, C.F.; Amóra, S.S.A.; Kazimoto, T.A.; de Lima Costa, K.F.; Silva, L.F.; de Sousa, M.L.R.; Freitas, Y.B.N.; Alves, N.D.; Feijó, F.M.C. Knowledge of the Population about Visceral Leishmaniasis Transmission in Endemic Areas near the Banks of the Mossoró River in Northeastern Brazil. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2015, 12, 3343-3357.

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