Next Article in Journal
Monoamine Oxidase A Promoter Variable Number of Tandem Repeats (MAOA-uVNTR) in Alcoholics According to Lesch Typology
Previous Article in Journal
Awareness and the Arguments for and against the International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health among Representatives of Disability Organisations
Article Menu

Export Article

Open AccessReview
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2015, 12(3), 3301-3316; doi:10.3390/ijerph120303301

Decreasing Health Disparities for People with Disabilities through Improved Communication Strategies and Awareness

1
Department of Physical Therapy, Movement and Rehabilitation Sciences, Bouve College of Health Sciences, Northeastern University, Boston, MA 02115, USA
2
Department of Women's and Children's Health, Karolinska Institute, Stockholm, 171 76, Sweden
3
Section of Clinical Sciences, Division of Rheumatology, Immunology and Allergy, Brigham and Women's Hospital, Boston, MA 02115, USA
4
Department of Medicine, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA 02115, USA
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Paul B. Tchounwou
Received: 14 January 2015 / Revised: 10 March 2015 / Accepted: 11 March 2015 / Published: 19 March 2015
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [722 KB, uploaded 19 March 2015]   |  

Abstract

Factors influencing access to health care among people with disabilities (PWD) include: attitudes of health care providers and the public, physical barriers, miscommunication, income level, ethnic/minority status, insurance coverage, and lack of information tailored to PWD. Reducing health care disparities in a population with complex needs requires implementation at the primary, secondary and tertiary levels. This review article discusses common barriers to health care access from the patient and provider perspective, particularly focusing on communication barriers and how to address and ameliorate them. Articles utilized in this review were published from 2005 to present in MEDLINE and CINAHL and written in English that focused on people with disabilities. Topics searched for in the literature include: disparities and health outcomes, health care dissatisfaction, patient-provider communication and access issues. Ineffective communication has significant impacts for PWD. They frequently believe that providers are not interested in, or sensitive to their particular needs and are less likely to seek care or to follow up with recommendations. Various strategies for successful improvement of health outcomes for PWD were identified including changing the way health care professionals are educated regarding disabilities, improving access to health care services, and enhancing the capacity for patient centered care. View Full-Text
Keywords: health disparities; barriers; communication; strategies health disparities; barriers; communication; strategies
Figures

Figure 1

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

Scifeed alert for new publications

Never miss any articles matching your research from any publisher
  • Get alerts for new papers matching your research
  • Find out the new papers from selected authors
  • Updated daily for 49'000+ journals and 6000+ publishers
  • Define your Scifeed now

SciFeed Share & Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

Sharby, N.; Martire, K.; Iversen, M.D. Decreasing Health Disparities for People with Disabilities through Improved Communication Strategies and Awareness. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2015, 12, 3301-3316.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Related Articles

Article Metrics

Article Access Statistics

1

Comments

[Return to top]
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health EISSN 1660-4601 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
Back to Top