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Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2015, 12(12), 15937-15942; doi:10.3390/ijerph121215032

Reading Books and Watching Films as a Protective Factor against Suicidal Ideation

1
National Centre for Suicide Research and Prevention of Mental Ill-Health (NASP), Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm 17177, Sweden
2
Department of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, New York State Psychiatric Institute, Columbia University, New York, NY 10032, USA
3
Feinberg Child Study Centre, Schneider Children’s Medical Centre, Tel Aviv University, Tel Aviv, Israel
4
Vadaskert Child and Adolescent Psychiatric Hospital, Budapest 1021, Hungary
5
Institute of Psychology, Eötvös Loránd University, Budapest 1064, Hungary
6
Department of Psychiatry, Centro de Investigación Biomédica en Red de Salud Mental, CIBERSAM, University of Oviedo, Oviedo 33004, Spain
7
Section for Disorders of Personality Development, Clinic of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, Centre of Psychosocial Medicine, University of Heidelberg, Heidelberg 69115, Germany
8
National Suicide Research Foundation, Cork, Ireland
9
Clinical Psychology Department, Iuliu Hatieganu University of Medicine and Pharmacy, Cluj-Napoca 400012, Romania
10
State Hospital Hall in Tyrol, tirol-kliniken, Department for Psychiatry and Psychotherapy B, Hall, A-6060, Austria
11
Department of Psychiatry, Centre Hospitalo-Universitaire de Nancy, Université de Lorraine, Nancy, 54500 Vandoeuvre-lès-Nancy, France
12
Slovene Center for Suicide Research, Andrej Marušič Institute, University of Primorska, Koper 6000, Slovenia
13
Estonian-Swedish Mental Health & Suicidology Institute, Tallinn 11615, Estonia
14
Tallinn University, Tallinn 10120, Estonia
15
Department of Medicine and Health Science, University of Molise, Campobasso 86100, Italy
16
National Institute for Migration and Poverty via San Gallicano 25, Roma 00100, Italy
17
Department of Epidemiology, Mailman School of Public Health, Columbia University, New York, NY 10032, USA
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Paul B. Tchounwou
Received: 19 October 2015 / Revised: 5 December 2015 / Accepted: 7 December 2015 / Published: 15 December 2015
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Suicide Prevention among Youth)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [504 KB, uploaded 15 December 2015]   |  

Abstract

Reading books and watching films were investigated as protective factors for serious suicidal ideation (SSI) in young people with low perceived social belonging. Cross-sectional and longitudinal (12-month) analyses were performed using data from a representative European sample of 3256 students from the “Saving and Empowering Young Lives in Europe” study. Low social belonging was associated to SSI. However, reading books and watching films moderated this association, especially for those with lowest levels of belonging. This was true both at baseline and at 12 months of follow-up analyses. These media may act as sources of social support or mental health literacy and thus reduce the suicide risk constituted by low sense of belonging. View Full-Text
Keywords: Saving and Empowering Young Lives in Europe (SEYLE); adolescent; belonging; mental health; protective factors; suicide Saving and Empowering Young Lives in Europe (SEYLE); adolescent; belonging; mental health; protective factors; suicide
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Kasahara-Kiritani, M.; Hadlaczky, G.; Westerlund, M.; Carli, V.; Wasserman, C.; Apter, A.; Balazs, J.; Bobes, J.; Brunner, R.; McMahon, E.M.; Cosman, D.; Farkas, L.; Haring, C.; Kaess, M.; Kahn, J.-P.; Keeley, H.; Nemes, B.; Mars Bitenc, U.; Postuvan, V.; Saiz, P.; Sisask, M.; Värnik, A.; Sarchiapone, M.; Hoven, C.W.; Wasserman, D. Reading Books and Watching Films as a Protective Factor against Suicidal Ideation. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2015, 12, 15937-15942.

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