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Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2015, 12(12), 15937-15942;

Reading Books and Watching Films as a Protective Factor against Suicidal Ideation

National Centre for Suicide Research and Prevention of Mental Ill-Health (NASP), Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm 17177, Sweden
Department of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, New York State Psychiatric Institute, Columbia University, New York, NY 10032, USA
Feinberg Child Study Centre, Schneider Children’s Medical Centre, Tel Aviv University, Tel Aviv, Israel
Vadaskert Child and Adolescent Psychiatric Hospital, Budapest 1021, Hungary
Institute of Psychology, Eötvös Loránd University, Budapest 1064, Hungary
Department of Psychiatry, Centro de Investigación Biomédica en Red de Salud Mental, CIBERSAM, University of Oviedo, Oviedo 33004, Spain
Section for Disorders of Personality Development, Clinic of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, Centre of Psychosocial Medicine, University of Heidelberg, Heidelberg 69115, Germany
National Suicide Research Foundation, Cork, Ireland
Clinical Psychology Department, Iuliu Hatieganu University of Medicine and Pharmacy, Cluj-Napoca 400012, Romania
State Hospital Hall in Tyrol, tirol-kliniken, Department for Psychiatry and Psychotherapy B, Hall, A-6060, Austria
Department of Psychiatry, Centre Hospitalo-Universitaire de Nancy, Université de Lorraine, Nancy, 54500 Vandoeuvre-lès-Nancy, France
Slovene Center for Suicide Research, Andrej Marušič Institute, University of Primorska, Koper 6000, Slovenia
Estonian-Swedish Mental Health & Suicidology Institute, Tallinn 11615, Estonia
Tallinn University, Tallinn 10120, Estonia
Department of Medicine and Health Science, University of Molise, Campobasso 86100, Italy
National Institute for Migration and Poverty via San Gallicano 25, Roma 00100, Italy
Department of Epidemiology, Mailman School of Public Health, Columbia University, New York, NY 10032, USA
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Paul B. Tchounwou
Received: 19 October 2015 / Revised: 5 December 2015 / Accepted: 7 December 2015 / Published: 15 December 2015
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Suicide Prevention among Youth)
Full-Text   |   PDF [504 KB, uploaded 15 December 2015]   |  


Reading books and watching films were investigated as protective factors for serious suicidal ideation (SSI) in young people with low perceived social belonging. Cross-sectional and longitudinal (12-month) analyses were performed using data from a representative European sample of 3256 students from the “Saving and Empowering Young Lives in Europe” study. Low social belonging was associated to SSI. However, reading books and watching films moderated this association, especially for those with lowest levels of belonging. This was true both at baseline and at 12 months of follow-up analyses. These media may act as sources of social support or mental health literacy and thus reduce the suicide risk constituted by low sense of belonging. View Full-Text
Keywords: Saving and Empowering Young Lives in Europe (SEYLE); adolescent; belonging; mental health; protective factors; suicide Saving and Empowering Young Lives in Europe (SEYLE); adolescent; belonging; mental health; protective factors; suicide

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Kasahara-Kiritani, M.; Hadlaczky, G.; Westerlund, M.; Carli, V.; Wasserman, C.; Apter, A.; Balazs, J.; Bobes, J.; Brunner, R.; McMahon, E.M.; Cosman, D.; Farkas, L.; Haring, C.; Kaess, M.; Kahn, J.-P.; Keeley, H.; Nemes, B.; Mars Bitenc, U.; Postuvan, V.; Saiz, P.; Sisask, M.; Värnik, A.; Sarchiapone, M.; Hoven, C.W.; Wasserman, D. Reading Books and Watching Films as a Protective Factor against Suicidal Ideation. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2015, 12, 15937-15942.

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