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Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2015, 12(12), 15756-15768; doi:10.3390/ijerph121215020

Detection of Engineered Copper Nanoparticles in Soil Using Single Particle ICP-MS

1
Department of Environmental Geosciences, University of Vienna, Althanstrasse 14, 1090 Vienna, Austria
2
Environmental Sciences Research Network, University of Vienna, 1010 Vienna, Austria
These authors contributed equally to this work.
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Mónica Amorim
Received: 5 October 2015 / Revised: 23 November 2015 / Accepted: 1 December 2015 / Published: 10 December 2015
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Environmental Fate and Effect of Nanoparticles and Nanomaterials)
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Abstract

Regulatory efforts rely on nanometrology for the development and implementation of laws regarding the incorporation of engineered nanomaterials (ENMs) into industrial and consumer products. Copper is currently one of the most common metals used in the constantly developing and expanding sector of nanotechnology. The use of copper nanoparticles in products, such as agricultural biocides, cosmetics and paints, is increasing. Copper based ENMs will eventually be released to the environment through the use and disposal of nano-enabled products, however, the detection of copper ENMs in environmental samples is a challenging task. Single particle inductively coupled plasma mass spectroscopy (spICP-MS) has been suggested as a powerful tool for routine nanometrology efforts. In this work, we apply a spICP-MS method for the detection of engineered copper nanomaterials in colloidal extracts from natural soil samples. Overall, copper nanoparticles were successfully detected in the soil colloidal extracts and the importance of dwell time, background removal, and sample dilution for method optimization and recovery maximization is highlighted. View Full-Text
Keywords: spICP-MS; soil contamination; copper; nanoparticles spICP-MS; soil contamination; copper; nanoparticles
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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Navratilova, J.; Praetorius, A.; Gondikas, A.; Fabienke, W.; von der Kammer, F.; Hofmann, T. Detection of Engineered Copper Nanoparticles in Soil Using Single Particle ICP-MS. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2015, 12, 15756-15768.

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