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Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2015, 12(12), 15739-15755; doi:10.3390/ijerph121215017

The Influence of Nutritional Factors on Verbal Deficits and Psychopathic Personality Traits: Evidence of the Moderating Role of the MAOA Genotype

1
Department of Criminal Justice, College of Public Policy, 501 W. Cesar E. Chavez Blvd, University of Texas at San Antonio, San Antonio, TX 78207, USA
2
College of Criminology and Criminal Justice, 145 Convocation Way, Florida State University, Tallahassee, Florida, FL 32306-1273, USA
3
King Abdulaziz University, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia, TX 78207, USA
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Paul Tchounwou
Received: 2 September 2015 / Revised: 2 December 2015 / Accepted: 4 December 2015 / Published: 10 December 2015
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Children, Adolescents and Nutrition)
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Abstract

The current study explores whether: (a) nutritional factors among adolescent males predict their risk of exhibiting verbal deficits and psychopathic traits during adulthood and (b) the link between nutritional factors and these outcomes is conditioned by the MAOA genotype. The study analyzes data from the U.S. National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent Health (Add Health), a nationally representative, genetically informative sample. We find evidence that meal deprivation increases the likelihood of both verbal deficits and psychopathic personality traits, whereas poor quality nutrition increases the risk of verbal deficits. We detect the presence of a number of gene-environment interactions between measures of food quality and MAOA genotype, but no evidence of GxE in the case of meal deprivation. Limitations are noted and avenues for future research are discussed. View Full-Text
Keywords: malnutrition; diet; food quality; meal deprivation; genetic risk; moderating effects; MAOA; males; verbal deficits; psychopathic personality traits malnutrition; diet; food quality; meal deprivation; genetic risk; moderating effects; MAOA; males; verbal deficits; psychopathic personality traits
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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Jackson, D.B.; Beaver, K.M. The Influence of Nutritional Factors on Verbal Deficits and Psychopathic Personality Traits: Evidence of the Moderating Role of the MAOA Genotype. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2015, 12, 15739-15755.

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