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Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2015, 12(11), 13730-13738; doi:10.3390/ijerph121113730

Non-Seasonal Variation of Airborne Aspergillus Spore Concentration in a Hospital Building

1
Kantonsspital Aarau AG, Institute for Laboratory Medicine, Tellstrasse 1, 5001 Aarau, Switzerland
2
Analytica Medizinische Laboratorien AG, Falkenstrasse 14, 8024 Zürich, Switzerland
3
Spital Langenthal, Medizinische Klinik, St. Urbanstrasse 67, 4901 Langenthal, Switzerland
4
Spital Lachen, Klinik für Innere Medizin, Oberdorfstrasse 41, 8853 Lachen, Switzerland
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Paul B. Tchounwou
Received: 24 August 2015 / Revised: 25 September 2015 / Accepted: 19 October 2015 / Published: 28 October 2015
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Abstract

Nosocomial fungal infections are gaining increased attention from infectiologists. An adequate investigation into the levels of airborne Aspergillus and other fungal spores in hospital settings, under normal conditions, is largely unknown. We monitored airborne spore contamination in a Swiss hospital building in order to establish a seasonally-dependent base-line level. Air was sampled using an impaction technique, twice weekly, at six different locations over one year. Specimens were seeded in duplicate on Sabouraud agar plates. Grown colonies were identified to genus levels. The airborne Aspergillus spore concentration was constantly low throughout the whole year, at a median level of 2 spores/m3 (inter-quartile range = IQR 1–4), and displayed no seasonal dependency. The median concentration of other fungal spores was higher and showed a distinct seasonal variability with the ambient temperature change during the different seasons: 82 spores/m3 (IQR 26–126) in summer and 9 spores/m3 (IQR 6–15) in winter. The spore concentration varied considerably between the six sampling sites in the building (10 to 26 spores/m3). This variability may explain the variability of study results in the literature. View Full-Text
Keywords: Aspergillus; airborne fungal spores; seasonal variation; spore contamination; hospital air; monitoring Aspergillus; airborne fungal spores; seasonal variation; spore contamination; hospital air; monitoring
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MDPI and ACS Style

Oberle, M.; Reichmuth, M.; Laffer, R.; Ottiger, C.; Fankhauser, H.; Bregenzer, T. Non-Seasonal Variation of Airborne Aspergillus Spore Concentration in a Hospital Building. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2015, 12, 13730-13738.

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Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health EISSN 1660-4601 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
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