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Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2015, 12(10), 12761-12775; doi:10.3390/ijerph121012761

Factors Associated with Job Satisfaction among University Teachers in Northeastern Region of China: A Cross-Sectional Study

1
Center for Assisted Reproduction, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Shengjing Hospital, China Medical University, No 36 Sanhao Street, Heping District, Shenyang 110004, China
2
Department of Social Medicine, School of Public Health, China Medical University, No.77 Puhe Road, Shenyang North New District, Shenyang 110122, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Cary L. Cooper
Received: 12 September 2015 / Revised: 30 September 2015 / Accepted: 9 October 2015 / Published: 14 October 2015
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Occupational Stress, Human Health and Wellbeing)
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Abstract

Objective: Teachers’ job satisfaction is one of the key factors in institutional dynamics and is generally considered to be the primary variable by which the effectiveness of an organization’s human resource is evaluated. The objectives of this study were to assess the level of job satisfaction among university teachers and to clarify the associated factors. Method: A cross-sectional study was conducted between November 2013 and January 2014. Teachers from six universities in Shenyang, China were randomly sampled. The job satisfaction scale Minnesota Satisfaction Questionnaire (MSQ), perceived organizational support (POS), psychological capital questionnaire (PCQ-24), and effort-reward imbalance scale (ERI) together with questions about demographic and working factors were administered in questionnaires distributed to 1500 university teachers. Hierarchical linear regression analyses were performed to explore the related factors. Results: 1210 effective responses were obtained (effective respondent rate 80.7%). The average score of overall job satisfaction was 69.71. Hierarchical linear regression analysis revealed that turnover intention, occupational stress and chronic disease all had negative impacts on job satisfaction, whereas perceived organizational support, psychological capital and higher monthly income were positively associated with job satisfaction among the university teachers. Age was also linked to the level of job satisfaction. All the variables explained 60.7% of the variance in job satisfaction. Conclusions: Chinese university teachers had a moderate level of job satisfaction. Demographic and working characteristics were associated factors for job satisfaction. Perceived organizational support showed the strongest association with job satisfaction. Results of the study indicate that improving the perceived organizational support may increase the level of job satisfaction for university teachers. View Full-Text
Keywords: job satisfaction; perceived organizational support; psychological capital; occupational stress; university teachers job satisfaction; perceived organizational support; psychological capital; occupational stress; university teachers
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Pan, B.; Shen, X.; Liu, L.; Yang, Y.; Wang, L. Factors Associated with Job Satisfaction among University Teachers in Northeastern Region of China: A Cross-Sectional Study. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2015, 12, 12761-12775.

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