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Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2015, 12(10), 12735-12760; doi:10.3390/ijerph121012735

Noise Effects on Health in the Context of Air Pollution Exposure

Centre for Psychiatry, Wolfson Institute of Preventive Medicine, Barts and the London School of Medicine and Dentistry, Queen Mary University of London, Charterhouse Square, London EC1M 6BQ, UK
Academic Editors: Wim Passchier and Luc Hens
Received: 3 August 2015 / Revised: 28 September 2015 / Accepted: 8 October 2015 / Published: 14 October 2015
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Cumulative and Integrated Health Impact Assessment)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [779 KB, uploaded 14 October 2015]

Abstract

For public health policy and planning it is important to understand the relative contribution of environmental noise on health compared to other environmental stressors. Air pollution is the primary environmental stressor in relation to cardiovascular morbidity and mortality. This paper reports a narrative review of studies in which the associations of both environmental noise and air pollution with health have been examined. Studies of hypertension, myocardial infarction, stroke, mortality and cognitive outcomes were included. Results suggest independent effects of environmental noise from road traffic, aircraft and, with fewer studies, railway noise on cardiovascular outcomes after adjustment for air pollution. Comparative burden of disease studies demonstrate that air pollution is the primary environmental cause of disability adjusted life years lost (DALYs). Environmental noise is ranked second in terms of DALYs in Europe and the DALYs attributed to noise were more than those attributed to lead, ozone and dioxins. In conclusion, in planning and health impact assessment environmental noise should be considered an independent contributor to health risk which has a separate and substantial role in ill-health separate to that of air pollution. View Full-Text
Keywords: environment; noise; transport; air pollution; burden of disease; aircraft; road traffic; cohort studies; DALYs environment; noise; transport; air pollution; burden of disease; aircraft; road traffic; cohort studies; DALYs
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Stansfeld, S.A. Noise Effects on Health in the Context of Air Pollution Exposure. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2015, 12, 12735-12760.

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