Next Article in Journal
A Comparison of Exposure Metrics for Traffic-Related Air Pollutants: Application to Epidemiology Studies in Detroit, Michigan
Previous Article in Journal
Comparison of Barriers to Cessation among Arab American Smokers of Cigarettes and Waterpipe
Article Menu

Export Article

Open AccessArticle
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2014, 11(9), 9532-9552; doi:10.3390/ijerph110909532

Differences in Health Symptoms among Residents Living Near Illegal Dump Sites in Los Laureles Canyon, Tijuana, Mexico: A Cross Sectional Survey

1
Department of Family and Preventive Medicine, Division of Global Health, University of California, San Diego, 9500 Gilman Dr. #0628, La Jolla, CA 92093, USA
2
Urban Studies and Planning Program, University of California, San Diego, 9500 Gilman Dr., La Jolla, CA 92093-0517
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 8 July 2014 / Revised: 1 September 2014 / Accepted: 5 September 2014 / Published: 15 September 2014
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [751 KB, uploaded 15 September 2014]   |  

Abstract

Living near landfills is a known health hazard prompting recognition of environmental injustice. The study aim was to compare self-reported symptoms of ill health among residents of four neighborhoods, living in haphazardly constructed settlements surrounded by illegal dumpsites in Tijuana, Mexico. One adult from each of 388 households located in Los Laureles Canyon were interviewed about demographics, health status, and symptoms. Distance from each residence to both the nearest dumpsite and the canyon bottom was assessed. The neighborhoods were selected from locations within the canyon, and varied with respect to proximity to dump sites. Residents of San Bernardo reported significantly higher frequencies of ill-health symptoms than the other neighborhoods, including extreme fatigue (OR 3.01 (95% CI 1.6–5.5)), skin problems/irritations (OR 2.73 (95% CI 1.3–5.9)), stomach discomfort (OR 2.47 (1.3–4.8)), eye irritation/tears (OR 2.02 (1.2–3.6)), and confusion/difficulty concentrating (OR 2.39 (1.2–4.8)). Proximity to dumpsites did not explain these results, that varied only slightly when adjusted for distance to nearest dumpsite or distance to the canyon bottom. Because San Bernardo has no paved roads, we hypothesize that dust and the toxicants it carries is a possible explanation for this difference. Studies are needed to further document this association and sources of toxicants. View Full-Text
Keywords: cross-sectional survey; environmental; exposure; hazardous waste; Mexico; Superfund; symptoms cross-sectional survey; environmental; exposure; hazardous waste; Mexico; Superfund; symptoms
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY 3.0).

Scifeed alert for new publications

Never miss any articles matching your research from any publisher
  • Get alerts for new papers matching your research
  • Find out the new papers from selected authors
  • Updated daily for 49'000+ journals and 6000+ publishers
  • Define your Scifeed now

SciFeed Share & Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

Al-Delaimy, W.K.; Larsen, C.W.; Pezzoli, K. Differences in Health Symptoms among Residents Living Near Illegal Dump Sites in Los Laureles Canyon, Tijuana, Mexico: A Cross Sectional Survey. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2014, 11, 9532-9552.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Related Articles

Article Metrics

Article Access Statistics

1

Comments

[Return to top]
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health EISSN 1660-4601 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
Back to Top