Next Article in Journal
Differences in Health Symptoms among Residents Living Near Illegal Dump Sites in Los Laureles Canyon, Tijuana, Mexico: A Cross Sectional Survey
Next Article in Special Issue
The Role of Cities in Reducing Smoking in China
Previous Article in Journal
Acculturation and Depressive Symptoms among Turkish Immigrants in Germany
Article Menu

Export Article

Open AccessArticle
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2014, 11(9), 9522-9531; doi:10.3390/ijerph110909522

Comparison of Barriers to Cessation among Arab American Smokers of Cigarettes and Waterpipe

1
College of Nursing, University of Florida, Gainesville, FL 32604, USA
2
Department of Social and Behavioral Health, School of Medicine, Virginia Commonwealth University, Richmond, VA 23219, USA
3
School of Nursing, Virginia Commonwealth University, Richmond, VA 23219, USA
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 15 July 2014 / Revised: 26 August 2014 / Accepted: 3 September 2014 / Published: 15 September 2014
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Tobacco Control)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [154 KB, uploaded 15 September 2014]

Abstract

This cross-sectional study examined the differences in barriers to cessation and reasons for quitting smoking among dual smokers of cigarettes and waterpipe tobacco, exclusive cigarette smokers and exclusive waterpipe smokers. Participants were Arab American adults residing in Richmond, Virginia, who were recruited from Middle Eastern grocery stores, restaurants/lounges and faith and charity organizations. The study yielded several key findings: (1) Exclusive cigarette and waterpipe smokers had similar mean barriers to quitting and were more concerned about their health than dual smokers. (F(2, 150) = 5.594, p = 0.0045). This implies that barriers to smoking and health concerns could be a function of the individual who smokes rather than the modality of smoking itself. (2) Exclusive cigarette or waterpipe smokers and dual smokers may have different reasons for quitting, since they have different reasons for smoking. The proportion of smokers who endorsed smoking as a messy habit as the reason among exclusive cigarette smokers was 0.37, whereas the proportion among exclusive waterpipe smokers was 0.04 and among dual smokers 0.39. The difference in proportions is significant, χ2 (df = 2, N = 154) = 13.17, p = 0.0014. In summary, this study supports the need to further investigate dual cigarette and waterpipe smokers, as the study results indicate greater barriers to smoking cessation in this group. Recognition and understanding of these barriers among dual tobacco users would be important for any future tobacco intervention among waterpipe smokers. View Full-Text
Keywords: dual smokers; waterpipe smokers; Arab American; barriers to cessation dual smokers; waterpipe smokers; Arab American; barriers to cessation
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY 3.0).

Scifeed alert for new publications

Never miss any articles matching your research from any publisher
  • Get alerts for new papers matching your research
  • Find out the new papers from selected authors
  • Updated daily for 49'000+ journals and 6000+ publishers
  • Define your Scifeed now

SciFeed Share & Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

Haddad, L.; El-Shahawy, O.; Ghadban, R. Comparison of Barriers to Cessation among Arab American Smokers of Cigarettes and Waterpipe. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2014, 11, 9522-9531.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Related Articles

Article Metrics

Article Access Statistics

1

Comments

[Return to top]
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health EISSN 1660-4601 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
Back to Top