Enhancement of Arsenic Trioxide-Mediated Changes in Human Induced Pluripotent Stem Cells (IPS)
AbstractInduced pluripotent stem cells (IPS) are an artificially derived type of pluripotent stem cell, showing many of the same characteristics as natural pluripotent stem cells. IPS are a hopeful therapeutic model; however there is a critical need to determine their response to environmental toxins. Effects of arsenic on cells have been studied extensively; however, its effect on IPS is yet to be elucidated. Arsenic trioxide (ATO) has been shown to inhibit cell proliferation, induce apoptosis and genotoxicity in many cells. Based on ATOs action in other cells, we hypothesize that it will induce alterations in morphology, inhibit cell viability and induce a genotoxic effect on IPS. Cells were treated for 24 hours with ATO (0–9 µg/mL). Cell morphology, viability and DNA damage were documented. Results indicated sufficient changes in morphology of cell colonies mainly in cell ability to maintain grouping and ability to remain adherent. Cell viability decreased in a dose dependent manner. There were significant increases in tail length and moment as well as destruction of intact DNA as concentration increased. Exposure to ATO resulted in a reproducible dose dependent sequence of events marked by changes in morphology, decrease of cell viability, and induction of genotoxicity in IPS. View Full-Text
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Graham, B.; Stevens, J.; Wells, P.; Sims, J.; Rogers, C.; Leggett, S.S.; Ekunwe, S.; Ndebele, K. Enhancement of Arsenic Trioxide-Mediated Changes in Human Induced Pluripotent Stem Cells (IPS). Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2014, 11, 7524-7536.
Graham B, Stevens J, Wells P, Sims J, Rogers C, Leggett SS, Ekunwe S, Ndebele K. Enhancement of Arsenic Trioxide-Mediated Changes in Human Induced Pluripotent Stem Cells (IPS). International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2014; 11(7):7524-7536.Chicago/Turabian Style
Graham, Barbara; Stevens, Jacqueline; Wells, Phatia; Sims, Jennifer; Rogers, Christian; Leggett, Sophia S.; Ekunwe, Stephen; Ndebele, Kenneth. 2014. "Enhancement of Arsenic Trioxide-Mediated Changes in Human Induced Pluripotent Stem Cells (IPS)." Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 11, no. 7: 7524-7536.