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Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2014, 11(7), 7231-7241; doi:10.3390/ijerph110707231

A Survey of Exposure Level and Lifestyle Factors for Perfluorooctanoate and Perfluorooctane Sulfonate in Human Plasma from Selected Residents in Korea

1,2
,
1,†
,
1,2,†
and
1,*
1
Environmental Technology Research Center, Korea Institute of Science and Technology, P.O. Box 131, Cheongryang, Seoul ASI|KR|KS013|SEOUL, Korea
2
Department of Chemistry, Korea University, Anam-ro, Seongbuk-gu, Seoul 136701, Korea
These authors contributed equally to this work.
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 8 April 2014 / Revised: 7 July 2014 / Accepted: 8 July 2014 / Published: 16 July 2014
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Abstract

Following few decades of commercial use, perfluorooctanoate (PFOA) and perfluorooctane sulfonate (PFOS) have been found in human blood and serum. We determined the amounts of PFOA and PFOS in human plasma (n = 183) and the effects of multiple uses of food-contact materials and smoking habits and alcohol consumption using liquid chromatography time-of-flight mass spectrometry (LC/TOF-MS). For the paper cups, the PFOA level in the plasma of the heavy user group was 1.37 times higher than that of the light user group. However, no association between the effects of multiple uses of food-contact materials and the plasma levels of PFOA and PFOS was found, except for paper cups. Active smokers had lower plasma levels of PFOA and PFOS than non-smokers. We show that multiple uses of food-contact materials do not appear to be a significant source of PFOA and PFOS. View Full-Text
Keywords: perfluorooctanoate (PFOA); perfluorooctane sulfonate (PFOS); liquid chromatography time-of-flight mass spectrometry (LC/TOF-MS) perfluorooctanoate (PFOA); perfluorooctane sulfonate (PFOS); liquid chromatography time-of-flight mass spectrometry (LC/TOF-MS)
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY 3.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Eom, J.; Choi, J.; Kim, J.; Kim, Y. A Survey of Exposure Level and Lifestyle Factors for Perfluorooctanoate and Perfluorooctane Sulfonate in Human Plasma from Selected Residents in Korea. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2014, 11, 7231-7241.

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