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Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2014, 11(5), 4745-4767; doi:10.3390/ijerph110504745
Review

Microorganisms with Claimed Probiotic Properties: An Overview of Recent Literature

Received: 30 January 2014; in revised form: 17 March 2014 / Accepted: 25 March 2014 / Published: 5 May 2014
(This article belongs to the Special Issue IJERPH: 10th Anniversary)
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Abstract: Probiotics are defined as live microorganisms, which when administered in adequate amounts, confer a health benefit on the host. Health benefits have mainly been demonstrated for specific probiotic strains of the following genera: Lactobacillus, Bifidobacterium, Saccharomyces, Enterococcus, Streptococcus, Pediococcus, Leuconostoc, Bacillus, Escherichia coli. The human microbiota is getting a lot of attention today and research has already demonstrated that alteration of this microbiota may have far-reaching consequences. One of the possible routes for correcting dysbiosis is by consuming probiotics. The credibility of specific health claims of probiotics and their safety must be established through science-based clinical studies. This overview summarizes the most commonly used probiotic microorganisms and their demonstrated health claims. As probiotic properties have been shown to be strain specific, accurate identification of particular strains is also very important. On the other hand, it is also demonstrated that the use of various probiotics for immunocompromised patients or patients with a leaky gut has also yielded infections, sepsis, fungemia, bacteraemia. Although the vast majority of probiotics that are used today are generally regarded as safe and beneficial for healthy individuals, caution in selecting and monitoring of probiotics for patients is needed and complete consideration of risk-benefit ratio before prescribing is recommended.
Keywords: Lactic-acid bacteria; Lactobacillus; Bifidobacterium; Saccharomyces; Enterococcus; Streptococcus; Pediococcus; Leuconostoc; Bacillus; Escherichia coli Lactic-acid bacteria; Lactobacillus; Bifidobacterium; Saccharomyces; Enterococcus; Streptococcus; Pediococcus; Leuconostoc; Bacillus; Escherichia coli
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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MDPI and ACS Style

Fijan, S. Microorganisms with Claimed Probiotic Properties: An Overview of Recent Literature. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2014, 11, 4745-4767.

AMA Style

Fijan S. Microorganisms with Claimed Probiotic Properties: An Overview of Recent Literature. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2014; 11(5):4745-4767.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Fijan, Sabina. 2014. "Microorganisms with Claimed Probiotic Properties: An Overview of Recent Literature." Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 11, no. 5: 4745-4767.



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