Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2014, 11(3), 2657-2682; doi:10.3390/ijerph110302657
Article

Workplace Bullying among Managers: A Multifactorial Perspective and Understanding

1,* email, 1,†email, 2,†email and 3,†email
Received: 27 December 2013; in revised form: 20 February 2014 / Accepted: 20 February 2014 / Published: 4 March 2014
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Abstract: The aim of this paper is to study certain factors that may be determinant in the emergence of workplace bullying among managers—employees with a recognized and privileged position to exercise power—adopting the individual perspective of the subject, the bullied manager. Individual, organizational, and contextual factors integrate the developed global model, and the methodology utilized to accomplish our research objectives is based on the binary logistic regression model. A sample population of 661 managers was obtained from the micro data file of the 5th European Working Conditions Survey-2010 (European Foundation for the Improvement of Living and Working Conditions) and utilized to conduct the present research. The results indicate that the chance for a manager to refer to him/herself as bullied increases among women that hold managerial positions and live with children under 15 at home, and among subjects that work at night, on a shift system, suffering from work stress, enjoying little satisfaction from their working conditions, and not perceiving opportunities for promotions in their organizations. The present work summarizes an array of outcomes and proposes, within the usual course of events, that workplace bullying could be reduced if job demands were limited and job resources were increased. The implications of these findings could assist directors/general directors in facilitating, to some extent, good social relationships among managers.
Keywords: workplace bullying; working conditions; regression model; European Working Conditions Survey-2010; satisfaction; work stress
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MDPI and ACS Style

Ariza-Montes, J.A.; Muniz R., N.M.; Leal-Rodríguez, A.L.; Leal-Millán, A.G. Workplace Bullying among Managers: A Multifactorial Perspective and Understanding. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2014, 11, 2657-2682.

AMA Style

Ariza-Montes JA, Muniz R. NM, Leal-Rodríguez AL, Leal-Millán AG. Workplace Bullying among Managers: A Multifactorial Perspective and Understanding. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2014; 11(3):2657-2682.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Ariza-Montes, J. A.; Muniz R., Noel M.; Leal-Rodríguez, Antonio L.; Leal-Millán, Antonio G. 2014. "Workplace Bullying among Managers: A Multifactorial Perspective and Understanding." Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 11, no. 3: 2657-2682.

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