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Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2014, 11(2), 1520-1535; doi:10.3390/ijerph110201520
Article

Perceptions of Heat Risk to Health: A Qualitative Study of Professional Bus Drivers and Their Managers in Jinan, China

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Received: 17 October 2013; in revised form: 17 December 2013 / Accepted: 3 January 2014 / Published: 28 January 2014
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Abstract: Summer extreme heat threatens the health of individuals, especially persons who are involved in outdoor activities. Ensuring the normal function of a city, bus drivers are among those who participate in outdoor physical activities and are exposed to excessive heat in hot summer weather. This qualitative study was performed to explore professional bus drivers’ in-depth views of extreme heat risks to their health, and ultimately develop targeted advice and policy interventions for city bus drivers. An interview-based study was performed among professional bus drivers in Jinan, China, including four focus groups with professional bus drivers (n = 37) and three interviews with their managers (n = 14). Five central themes or categories from the bus driver interviews were found: concerns about summer heat; health effects related to extreme heat; adaptive measures; barriers in implementing these adaptive measures; and suggested interventions. The beneficial role of cooling facilities (particularly air-conditioning) during extreme heat are addressed. The barriers not only impede the implementation of behavioral adaptive measures but also enhance the negative attitudes of bus drivers towards their effectiveness. The responsibilities of managers in promoting preventive actions are addressed.
Keywords: occupational driver; heat; risk perception; public health occupational driver; heat; risk perception; public health
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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MDPI and ACS Style

Zhou, L.; Xin, Z.; Bai, L.; Wan, F.; Wang, Y.; Sang, S.; Liu, S.; Zhang, J.; Liu, Q. Perceptions of Heat Risk to Health: A Qualitative Study of Professional Bus Drivers and Their Managers in Jinan, China. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2014, 11, 1520-1535.

AMA Style

Zhou L, Xin Z, Bai L, Wan F, Wang Y, Sang S, Liu S, Zhang J, Liu Q. Perceptions of Heat Risk to Health: A Qualitative Study of Professional Bus Drivers and Their Managers in Jinan, China. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2014; 11(2):1520-1535.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Zhou, Lin; Xin, Zheng; Bai, Li; Wan, Fangjun; Wang, Yongming; Sang, Shaowei; Liu, Shouqin; Zhang, Ji; Liu, Qiyong. 2014. "Perceptions of Heat Risk to Health: A Qualitative Study of Professional Bus Drivers and Their Managers in Jinan, China." Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 11, no. 2: 1520-1535.


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