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Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2014, 11(12), 12594-12610; doi:10.3390/ijerph111212594

Associations between Moderate-to-Vigorous Physical Activity and Neighbourhood Recreational Facilities: The Features of the Facilities Matter

1
Institute of Human Performance, The University of Hong Kong, Pokfulam, Hong Kong, China
2
School of Nursing, Hong Kong Polytechnic University, Kowloon, Hong Kong, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 15 September 2014 / Revised: 21 November 2014 / Accepted: 26 November 2014 / Published: 4 December 2014
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Physical Activity and Public Health)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [696 KB, uploaded 4 December 2014]

Abstract

Objectives: To examine the associations between objectively-assessed moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA) and perceived/objective measures of neighbourhood recreational facilities categorized into indoor or outdoor, public, residential or commercial facilities. The associations between facility perceptions and objectively-assessed numbers of recreational facilities were also examined. Method: A questionnaire was used on 480 adults to measure local facility perceptions, with 154 participants wearing ActiGraph accelerometers for ≥4 days. The objectively-assessed number of neighbourhood recreational facilities were examined using direct observations and Geographical Information System data. Results: Both positive and negative associations were found between MVPA and perceived/objective measures of recreational facilities. Some associations depended on whether the recreational facilities were indoor or outdoor, public or residential facilities. The objectively-assessed number of most public recreational facilities was associated with the corresponding facility perceptions, but the size of effect was generally lower than for residential recreational facilities. Conclusions: The objectively-assessed number of residential outdoor table tennis courts and public indoor swimming pools, the objectively-assessed presence of tennis courts and swimming pools, and the perceived presence of bike lanes and swimming pools were positive determinants of MVPA. It is suggested to categorize the recreational facilities into smaller divisions in order to identify unique associations with MVPA. View Full-Text
Keywords: neighbourhood; recreational facilities; MVPA; GIS neighbourhood; recreational facilities; MVPA; GIS
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Lee, K.Y.; Lee, P.H.; Macfarlane, D. Associations between Moderate-to-Vigorous Physical Activity and Neighbourhood Recreational Facilities: The Features of the Facilities Matter. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2014, 11, 12594-12610.

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