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Rift Valley Fever Outbreaks in Mauritania and Related Environmental Conditions
Institute of Infection and Global Health, University of Liverpool, 8 West Derby Street, Liverpool, L69 7BE, UK
School of Environmental Sciences, University of Liverpool, Roxby Building, Liverpool, L69 7ZT, UK
Centre de Suivi Ecologique (CSE), Dakar, BP15532, Senegal
Institut Pasteur de Dakar, Dakar, BP220, Senegal
Department of Physics, University of Oxford, Robert Hooke Building, Oxford, OX1 3PU, UK
* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 22 October 2013; in revised form: 30 December 2013 / Accepted: 31 December 2013 / Published: 9 January 2014
Abstract: Four large outbreaks of Rift Valley Fever (RVF) occurred in Mauritania in 1998, 2003, 2010 and 2012 which caused lots of animal and several human deaths. We investigated rainfall and vegetation conditions that might have impacted on RVF transmission over the affected regions. Our results corroborate that RVF transmission generally occurs during the months of September and October in Mauritania, similarly to Senegal. The four outbreaks were preceded by a rainless period lasting at least a week followed by heavy precipitation that took place during the second half of the rainy season. First human infections were generally reported three to five weeks later. By bridging the gap between meteorological forecasting centers and veterinary services, an early warning system might be developed in Senegal and Mauritania to warn decision makers and health services about the upcoming RVF risk.
Keywords: Rift Valley Fever; Mauritania; Senegal; climate
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Cite This Article
MDPI and ACS Style
Caminade, C.; Ndione, J.A.; Diallo, M.; MacLeod, D.A.; Faye, O.; Ba, Y.; Dia, I.; Morse, A.P. Rift Valley Fever Outbreaks in Mauritania and Related Environmental Conditions. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2014, 11, 903-918.
Caminade C, Ndione JA, Diallo M, MacLeod DA, Faye O, Ba Y, Dia I, Morse AP. Rift Valley Fever Outbreaks in Mauritania and Related Environmental Conditions. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2014; 11(1):903-918.
Caminade, Cyril; Ndione, Jacques A.; Diallo, Mawlouth; MacLeod, Dave A.; Faye, Ousmane; Ba, Yamar; Dia, Ibrahima; Morse, Andrew P. 2014. "Rift Valley Fever Outbreaks in Mauritania and Related Environmental Conditions." Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 11, no. 1: 903-918.