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Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2014, 11(1), 671-684; doi:10.3390/ijerph110100671

Correlates of Protective Motivation Theory (PMT) to Adolescents’ Drug Use Intention

1
School of Nursing, the Hong Kong Polytechnic University, Hong Kong, China
2
Tuen Mun Hospital, Hong Kong, China
3
Alice Ho Ming Ling Nethersole Hospital, Hong Kong, China
4
Queen Mary Hospital, Hong Kong, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 26 September 2013 / Revised: 18 December 2013 / Accepted: 19 December 2013 / Published: 3 January 2014
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Abstract

Early onset and increasing proliferation of illicit adolescent drug-use poses a global health concern. This study aimed to examine the correlation between Protective Motivation Theory (PMT) measures and the intention to use drugs among adolescents. An exploratory quantitative correlation design and convenience sampling were adopted. A total of 318 students completed a self-reported questionnaire that solicited information related to their demographics and activities, measures of threat appraisal and coping appraisal, and the intention to use drugs. Logistic regression analysis showed that intrinsic and extrinsic rewards were significant predictors of intention. The odds ratios were equal to 2.90 (p < 0.05) and 8.04 (p < 0.001), respectively. The logistic regression model analysis resulted in a high Nagelkerke R2 of 0.49, which suggests that PMT related measures could be used in predicting drug use intention among adolescents. Further research should be conducted with non-school adolescents to confirm the application.
Keywords: Chinese adolescents; drug use intention; protective motivation theory Chinese adolescents; drug use intention; protective motivation theory
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY 3.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Wu, C.S.T.; Wong, H.T.; Chou, L.Y.; To, B.P.W.; Lee, W.L.; Loke, A.Y. Correlates of Protective Motivation Theory (PMT) to Adolescents’ Drug Use Intention. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2014, 11, 671-684.

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