Next Article in Journal
Associations of Meteorology with Adverse Pregnancy Outcomes: A Systematic Review of Preeclampsia, Preterm Birth and Birth Weight
Next Article in Special Issue
The Incidence of West Nile Disease in Russia in Relation to Climatic and Environmental Factors
Previous Article in Journal
Noise Producing Toys and the Efficacy of Product Standard Criteria to Protect Health and Education Outcomes
Previous Article in Special Issue
Integrated Human Surveillance Systems of West Nile Virus Infections in Italy: The 2012 Experience
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2014, 11(1), 67-90; doi:10.3390/ijerph110100067
Review

Predictive Modeling of West Nile Virus Transmission Risk in the Mediterranean Basin: How Far from Landing?

1,* , 1,2
 and
3
Received: 23 September 2013 / Revised: 3 December 2013 / Accepted: 4 December 2013 / Published: 20 December 2013
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Epidemiology of West Nile Virus)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [368 KB, uploaded 19 June 2014]   |   Browse Figure

Abstract

The impact on human and horse health of West Nile fever (WNF) recently and dramatically increased in Europe and neighboring countries. Involving several mosquito and wild bird species, WNF epidemiology is complex. Despite the implementation of surveillance systems in several countries of concern, and due to a lack of knowledge, outbreak occurrence remains unpredictable. Statistical models may help identifying transmission risk factors. When spatialized, they provide tools to identify areas that are suitable for West Nile virus transmission. Mathematical models may be used to improve our understanding of epidemiological process involved, to evaluate the impact of environmental changes or test the efficiency of control measures. We propose a systematic literature review of publications aiming at modeling the processes involved in WNF transmission in the Mediterranean Basin. The relevance of the corresponding models as predictive tools for risk mapping, early warning and for the design of surveillance systems in a changing environment is analyzed.
Keywords: West Nile; Mediterranean basin; transmission; landscape; risk; model; prediction West Nile; Mediterranean basin; transmission; landscape; risk; model; prediction
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Share & Cite This Article

Further Mendeley | CiteULike
Export to BibTeX |
EndNote
MDPI and ACS Style

Chevalier, V.; Tran, A.; Durand, B. Predictive Modeling of West Nile Virus Transmission Risk in the Mediterranean Basin: How Far from Landing? Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2014, 11, 67-90.

View more citation formats

Related Articles

Article Metrics

Comments

Citing Articles

[Return to top]
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health EISSN 1660-4601 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert