Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2013, 10(2), 729-741; doi:10.3390/ijerph10020729
Article

Changes in Tobacco Use, Susceptibility to Future Smoking, and Quit Attempts among Canadian Youth over Time: A Comparison of Off-Reserve Aboriginal and Non-Aboriginal Youth

1 School of Public Health and Health Systems, University of Waterloo, Waterloo, ON N2L 3G1, Canada 2 Propel Centre for Population Health Impact, University of Waterloo, Waterloo, ON N2L 3G1, Canada 3 Department of Statistics and Actuarial Sciences, University of Waterloo, Waterloo, ON N2L 3G1, Canada
* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 5 December 2012; in revised form: 17 January 2013 / Accepted: 29 January 2013 / Published: 21 February 2013
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Tobacco Control in Vulnerable Population Groups)
PDF Full-text Download PDF Full-Text [222 KB, Updated Version, uploaded 22 February 2013 15:39 CET]
The original version is still available [296 KB, uploaded 21 February 2013 11:33 CET]
Abstract: The purpose of this study was to determine whether there is a growing inequity in tobacco use, susceptibility to future smoking, and quit attempts among Off-Reserve Aboriginal (ORA) youth in Canada relative to Non-Aboriginal youth. Current smoking, susceptibility to future smoking and quit attempts were examined among a nationally representative sample of ORA and Non-Aboriginal Canadian youth. Data are from cross-sectional surveys of 88,661 respondents in Grades 6 to 9 across the 2004, 2006 and 2008 survey waves of the Youth Smoking Survey (YSS). At each wave, ORA youth were more likely to be current smokers (overall OR = 3.91, 95% CI 3.47 to 4.41), to be susceptible to future smoking (overall OR = 1.37, 95% CI 1.27 to 1.48), and less likely to have ever made a quit attempt compared to Non-Aboriginal youth (overall OR = 0.74, 95% CI 0.57 to 0.96). Although susceptibility to future smoking declined for Non-Aboriginal youth, the prevalence of susceptibility remained stable among ORA youth. The percentage of ORA youth reporting making a quit attempt increased, however, current smoking rates among ORA youth did not decline. These findings suggest that the disparity in susceptibility to future tobacco use among ORA and Non-Aboriginal youth has increased over time. Despite increased rates of quit attempts, current smoking rates remain significantly higher among ORA youth. Tobacco control programs for Aboriginal youth should be a public health priority.
Keywords: aboriginal; adolescent; youth; smoking; quit attempts; smoking susceptibility

Article Statistics

Load and display the download statistics.

Citations to this Article

Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

Elton-Marshall, T.; Leatherdale, S.T.; Burkhalter, R.; Brown, K.S. Changes in Tobacco Use, Susceptibility to Future Smoking, and Quit Attempts among Canadian Youth over Time: A Comparison of Off-Reserve Aboriginal and Non-Aboriginal Youth. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2013, 10, 729-741.

AMA Style

Elton-Marshall T, Leatherdale ST, Burkhalter R, Brown KS. Changes in Tobacco Use, Susceptibility to Future Smoking, and Quit Attempts among Canadian Youth over Time: A Comparison of Off-Reserve Aboriginal and Non-Aboriginal Youth. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2013; 10(2):729-741.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Elton-Marshall, Tara; Leatherdale, Scott T.; Burkhalter, Robin; Brown, K. S. 2013. "Changes in Tobacco Use, Susceptibility to Future Smoking, and Quit Attempts among Canadian Youth over Time: A Comparison of Off-Reserve Aboriginal and Non-Aboriginal Youth." Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 10, no. 2: 729-741.

Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health EISSN 1660-4601 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert