Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2013, 10(12), 6820-6831; doi:10.3390/ijerph10126820
Article

The Involvement of Girls and Boys with Bullying: An Analysis of Gender Differences

Received: 2 October 2013; in revised form: 18 November 2013 / Accepted: 21 November 2013 / Published: 5 December 2013
(This article belongs to the Special Issue IJERPH: 10th Anniversary)
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Abstract: This exploratory and cross-sectional study aimed to identify the prevalence of bullying in a group of students and analyze the data regarding the gender of those involved in the violence. A questionnaire adapted from Olweus was applied in seven elementary education schools in Portugal. The sample consisted of 387 students between 7 and 14 years old. Data are presented in terms of descriptive statistics and differences between proportions were analyzed using chi-square tests. The gender analysis of victimization and aggression shows that boys and girls are both victims and aggressors, and there are significant differences in involvement in bullying between genders and the roles played. Boys are victims more often when considering different types of bullying, although significant differences were only found for physical aggression. Strategies that include gender roles are a priority for prevention and careful attention to this phenomenon in the school context. The questions addressed contribute to a broader understanding of the phenomenon, emphasizing the differential participation of boys and girls in bullying.
Keywords: school health services; bullying; public health
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MDPI and ACS Style

Iossi Silva, M.A.; Pereira, B.; Mendonça, D.; Nunes, B.; Oliveira, W.A. The Involvement of Girls and Boys with Bullying: An Analysis of Gender Differences. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2013, 10, 6820-6831.

AMA Style

Iossi Silva MA, Pereira B, Mendonça D, Nunes B, Oliveira WA. The Involvement of Girls and Boys with Bullying: An Analysis of Gender Differences. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2013; 10(12):6820-6831.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Iossi Silva, Marta A.; Pereira, Beatriz; Mendonça, Denisa; Nunes, Berta; Oliveira, Wanderlei A. 2013. "The Involvement of Girls and Boys with Bullying: An Analysis of Gender Differences." Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 10, no. 12: 6820-6831.

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