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Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2013, 10(12), 6820-6831; doi:10.3390/ijerph10126820

The Involvement of Girls and Boys with Bullying: An Analysis of Gender Differences

1,* , 2,†
1 University of São Paulo at Ribeirão Preto College of Nursing, WHO Collaborating Centre for Nursing Research Development, Ribeirão Preto 14040-902, Brazil 2 Institute of Education, University of Minho, Braga 4710-057, Portugal 3 Institute of Biomedical Science Abel Salazar, University of Porto, Porto 4050-313, Portugal 4 Bragança Sub-Health Region, Bragança 3501-862, Portugal These authors contributed equally to this work.
* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 2 October 2013 / Revised: 18 November 2013 / Accepted: 21 November 2013 / Published: 5 December 2013
(This article belongs to the Special Issue IJERPH: 10th Anniversary)
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This exploratory and cross-sectional study aimed to identify the prevalence of bullying in a group of students and analyze the data regarding the gender of those involved in the violence. A questionnaire adapted from Olweus was applied in seven elementary education schools in Portugal. The sample consisted of 387 students between 7 and 14 years old. Data are presented in terms of descriptive statistics and differences between proportions were analyzed using chi-square tests. The gender analysis of victimization and aggression shows that boys and girls are both victims and aggressors, and there are significant differences in involvement in bullying between genders and the roles played. Boys are victims more often when considering different types of bullying, although significant differences were only found for physical aggression. Strategies that include gender roles are a priority for prevention and careful attention to this phenomenon in the school context. The questions addressed contribute to a broader understanding of the phenomenon, emphasizing the differential participation of boys and girls in bullying.
Keywords: school health services; bullying; public health school health services; bullying; public health
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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Iossi Silva, M.A.; Pereira, B.; Mendonça, D.; Nunes, B.; Oliveira, W.A. The Involvement of Girls and Boys with Bullying: An Analysis of Gender Differences. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2013, 10, 6820-6831.

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Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health EISSN 1660-4601 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert