Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2013, 10(11), 5470-5489; doi:10.3390/ijerph10115470
Article

Linking Childhood and Adult Criminality: Using a Life Course Framework to Examine Childhood Abuse and Neglect, Substance Use and Adult Partner Violence

1,2,* email, 1,3,4email, 1,5email, 1email, 1email, 1email and 1,3,4email
Received: 29 July 2013; in revised form: 29 September 2013 / Accepted: 1 October 2013 / Published: 28 October 2013
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Trauma, Addiction and Criminality)
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Abstract: Child abuse and neglect, considered criminal acts under the Criminal Code of Canada, play an important role in substance use, violence, and other criminal behaviour in adulthood. We adopted the life course perspective to identify modifiable contextual influences and co-occurring individual, social, and familial determinants associated with adult criminality. Using in-depth interview data, a sub-sample of 13 women who had recently experienced intimate partner violence, recounted their experiences of childhood abuse, their own substance use or criminality, as well as implications of these factors on their children’s life trajectories. For the purposes of this paper criminality was defined as child abuse and neglect, domestic violence, illegal substance use and underage alcohol use. Our objective was to explore, in our data: (1) patterns and trajectories of criminality from childhood to adulthood among women who were victims of violence, and (2) cumulative effects of early life exposures on experiences of criminality; with the aim of describing the life course perspective as a useful framework to understand criminality along the life trajectory. The analysis was not designed to demonstrate causal connections between early childhood and adulthood experiences of criminality. Rather we generated qualitative and quantitative hypotheses to guide future research in the field. Implications for research and interventions are discussed.
Keywords: life course; intergenerational patterns; child abuse; substance use; criminality
PDF Full-text Download PDF Full-Text [208 KB, uploaded 19 June 2014 03:25 CEST]

Export to BibTeX |
EndNote


MDPI and ACS Style

Minh, A.; Matheson, F.I.; Daoud, N.; Hamilton-Wright, S.; Pedersen, C.; Borenstein, H.; O'Campo, P. Linking Childhood and Adult Criminality: Using a Life Course Framework to Examine Childhood Abuse and Neglect, Substance Use and Adult Partner Violence. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2013, 10, 5470-5489.

AMA Style

Minh A, Matheson FI, Daoud N, Hamilton-Wright S, Pedersen C, Borenstein H, O'Campo P. Linking Childhood and Adult Criminality: Using a Life Course Framework to Examine Childhood Abuse and Neglect, Substance Use and Adult Partner Violence. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2013; 10(11):5470-5489.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Minh, Anita; Matheson, Flora I.; Daoud, Nihaya; Hamilton-Wright, Sarah; Pedersen, Cheryl; Borenstein, Heidi; O'Campo, Patricia. 2013. "Linking Childhood and Adult Criminality: Using a Life Course Framework to Examine Childhood Abuse and Neglect, Substance Use and Adult Partner Violence." Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 10, no. 11: 5470-5489.


Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health EISSN 1660-4601 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert