Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2013, 10(10), 5039-5061; doi:10.3390/ijerph10105039
Review

The Natural History of IgE-Mediated Food Allergy: Can Skin Prick Tests and Serum-Specific IgE Predict the Resolution of Food Allergy?

1 Murdoch Childrens Research Institute, Parkville, VIC 3052, Australia 2 Department of Paediatrics, University of Melbourne, Parkville, VIC 3052, Australia 3 Centre for Molecular, Environmental, Genetic and Analytic Epidemiology, University of Melbourne, Parkville, VIC 3010, Australia 4 Department of Allergy and Immunology, Royal Children's Hospital, Parkville, VIC 3052, Australia
* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 2 August 2013; in revised form: 16 September 2013 / Accepted: 8 October 2013 / Published: 15 October 2013
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Food Allergy, Genes and Environment)
PDF Full-text Download PDF Full-Text [226 KB, Updated Version, uploaded 16 October 2013 17:19 CEST]
The original version is still available [230 KB, uploaded 15 October 2013 14:39 CEST]
Abstract: IgE-mediated food allergy is a transient condition for some children, however there are few indices to predict when and in whom food allergy will resolve. Skin prick test (SPT) and serum-specific IgE levels (sIgE) are usually monitored in the management of food allergy and are used to predict the development of tolerance or persistence of food allergy. The aim of this article is to review the published literature that investigated the predictive value of SPT and sIgE in development of tolerance in children with a previous diagnosis of peanut, egg and milk allergy. A systematic search identified twenty-six studies, of which most reported SPT or sIgE thresholds which predicted persistent or resolved allergy. However, results were inconsistent between studies. Previous research was hampered by several limitations including the absence of gold standard test to diagnose food allergy or tolerance, biased samples in retrospective audits and lack of systematic protocols for triggering re-challenges. There is a need for population-based, prospective studies that use the gold standard oral food challenge (OFC) to diagnose food allergy at baseline and follow-up to develop SPT and sIgE thresholds that predict the course of  food allergy.
Keywords: food allergy; natural history; tolerance; skin prick test; serum-specific immunoglobulin E; hen’s egg; peanut; cow’s milk

Article Statistics

Load and display the download statistics.

Citations to this Article

Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

Peters, R.L.; Gurrin, L.C.; Dharmage, S.C.; Koplin, J.J.; Allen, K.J. The Natural History of IgE-Mediated Food Allergy: Can Skin Prick Tests and Serum-Specific IgE Predict the Resolution of Food Allergy? Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2013, 10, 5039-5061.

AMA Style

Peters RL, Gurrin LC, Dharmage SC, Koplin JJ, Allen KJ. The Natural History of IgE-Mediated Food Allergy: Can Skin Prick Tests and Serum-Specific IgE Predict the Resolution of Food Allergy? International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2013; 10(10):5039-5061.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Peters, Rachel L.; Gurrin, Lyle C.; Dharmage, Shyamali C.; Koplin, Jennifer J.; Allen, Katrina J. 2013. "The Natural History of IgE-Mediated Food Allergy: Can Skin Prick Tests and Serum-Specific IgE Predict the Resolution of Food Allergy?" Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 10, no. 10: 5039-5061.

Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health EISSN 1660-4601 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert