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Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2004, 1(1), 26-34; doi:10.3390/ijerph2004010026
Article

Changes in Soil Chemical Properties and Microbial Activities in Response to the Fungicide Ridomil Gold Plus Copper

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Received: 4 November 2003; Accepted: 5 January 2004 / Published: 29 February 2004
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Abstract: The purpose of the study was to investigate changes of soil chemical and biological properties changes resulting from a single application of the fungicide Ridomil Gold plus copper (Ridomil Gold plus)(mefenoxam 6% + copper oxide 60%) at the following rates 0.25, 0.5, 1, 2, and 10 g m-2. Selected chemical properties generally differed between fungicide rates over longer incubation periods. Microbial activity indices (available N, ammonification rates and specific enzymatic systems) were more sensitive indicators of change. Values of these indicators generally increased with incubation period and decreased or increased at high rates. Significant changes in P availability occurred after 90 days of incubation at rates ≥ 1 g m-2. Incorporation of the fungicide significantly increased NH4+ levels in soil after 75 days of incubation. These changes stimulated soil microbial activity as evidenced by increased ammonification rates especially at long-term exposure. Of the enzyme activities studied, dehydrogenase and ß-glucosidase activities were the most sensitive to ridomil gold plus. This sensitivity was more pronounced with the dehydrogenase activity.
Keywords: Ridomil gold plus; enzyme activities; soil chemical properties; field conditions; nitrogen transformation Ridomil gold plus; enzyme activities; soil chemical properties; field conditions; nitrogen transformation
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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MDPI and ACS Style

Demanou, J.; Monkiédjé, A.; Njiné, T.; Foto, S.M.; Nola, M.; Zebaze Togouet, S.H.; Kemka, N. Changes in Soil Chemical Properties and Microbial Activities in Response to the Fungicide Ridomil Gold Plus Copper. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2004, 1, 26-34.

AMA Style

Demanou J, Monkiédjé A, Njiné T, Foto SM, Nola M, Zebaze Togouet SH, Kemka N. Changes in Soil Chemical Properties and Microbial Activities in Response to the Fungicide Ridomil Gold Plus Copper. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2004; 1(1):26-34.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Demanou, Joseph; Monkiédjé, Adolphe; Njiné, Thomas; Foto, Samuel M.; Nola, Moise; Zebaze Togouet, Serges H.; Kemka, Norbert. 2004. "Changes in Soil Chemical Properties and Microbial Activities in Response to the Fungicide Ridomil Gold Plus Copper." Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 1, no. 1: 26-34.


Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health EISSN 1660-4601 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert